Actual Use of Built-up Areas / Inventory of Green and Open Spaces 2015

Statistical Base

The data on use of built-up and non-built-up areas derive from a large number of sources which are described in a differentiated manner in the respective editions. The basis for the categorization and use assignment was provided by the land use maps in the 1985 Environmental Atlas for the former West Berlin, “Actual Use of Built-up Areas” (06.01.), and “Inventory of Green and Open Spaces” (06.02), as well as the editions published for all of Berlin in 1995, 2002, 2004, 2008 and 2011 (06.01 / 06.02).

For the update of the Edition 2016 (as of Dec. 31, 2015), changes in land use during the period 2011 through 2015 were ascertained, and updates of the geometries of the Block Map 1 : 5000 (ISU 5) were undertaken. Moreover, the data base for actual-use mapping was subjected to plausibility checks on the basis of various geo-data available in the State of Berlin and updated if necessary. The Environmental Atlas Maps 06.07 / 06.08 on Urban Structure were compiled simultaneously.

In all, the following databases were used to update and verify the actual-use mapping:

  • Block Map of the Urban and Environmental Information System (ISU/50) , as of December, 2015
  • Data from the Senate Department for Urban Development and the Environment:
    • Automated Property Register (ALK), as of January 2015
    • Biotope mapping, as of 2014
    • Digital ortho-photos, aerial photography flights 2010 through 2015
    • Area monitoring, as of September 2015
    • Forest management data, Berlin forests, as of October 2014
    • Cemetery inventory, as of December 2009
    • Building and vegetation heights, aerial photography data from August 2009 and September 2010 (cf. Environmental Atlas 06.10)
    • Green space inventory, as of February 2016
    • Map of Berlin 1 : 5,000 (K5), survey departments of the boroughs, as of April 2015
    • Allotment gardens inventory, as of May 2015
    • Peatland areas from the project “Berlin’s Peatlands and Climate Change” of the Humboldt University Berlin, Soil Science and Site Division, as of May 2015 (cf. Environmental Atlas 01.19)
    • Social infrastructure sites – day care centres, Planning-area Related Information System for Monitoring and Analysis – PRISMA, as of June 2014
    • Impervious soil coverage, as of May 2011 (cf. Environmental Atlas 01.02)
    • Urban structural density, Site Occupancy Index (SOI), as of December 2015 (cf. Environmental Atlas 06.9.2)
  • Data from external sources:
    • Building completions of the years 2011 – 2014, Statistical Office for Berlin-Brandenburg, as of June 2015
    • Soil-scientific mappings compiled in the years 2010 – 2015
    • Building count of the 2011 census, Statistical Office for Berlin-Brandenburg, as of March 2014
    • Legally registered inhabitants at the primary place of residence in Berlin, Statistical Office for Berlin-Brandenburg, as of December 31, 2015
    • Statistical blocks, Statistical Office for Berlin-Brandenburg, as of December 31, 2015
    • Digital field block register, agricultural reference plots, Ministry of Rural Development, Environment and Agriculture Brandenburg, as of February 2016
    • HistoMap Berlin, State Archive Berlin and Beuth University of Applied Sciences Berlin, as of 2013
    • Social infrastructure sites – hospitals, State Office for Health and Social Affairs (Landesamt für Gesundheit und Soziales, LaGeSo), as of June 2014.