Soil Associations 2010



01.01 Soil Associations

Berlin is characterised by near-natural soils that are relatively undisturbed by any use and have developed over a long period of time. These include luvisols (para-brown soils), podzoluvisols (leached soils), cambisols (brown soils), dystric cambisols (rusty-brown soils), spodo-dystric cambisols (podzol brown soils), podzols, gleysols, and histosols (bog soils). The latter occur almost exclusively in the less densely populated and unpopulated outer margins of the city. 01.01 Soil Associations