The population density of Berlin’s inner-city, i.e. within the so-called City Rail Circle Line (S-Bahn-Ring), lies above average at 117 p/ha and even exceeds that of London.
The Map of Population Density depicts population density in terms of statistical blocks or block segments (cf. Methodology). Therefore, this presentation is directly comparable to the previous edition from 2017.
High population density causes great environmental stresses, especially in close proximity to the road, such as noise and air pollution caused by traffic. Residents frequent public green areas for relaxation. These areas are, however, heavily visited, often overused, and loud. Private green areas exist only to a limited extent. Some densely populated areas of Berlin are attractive residential areas in spite of this. Some block-style constructions from the Wilhelminian period are especially attractive when they have living quarters of generous size, and are complemented by a good infrastructure of small businesses, restaurants, cultural facilities, services, and an extensive public transportation system. Rich urban life flourishes here. This urbanity is missed by many living in the purely residential areas at the edge of the city. These areas have a relatively low population density, a high ratio of open space, and less air and noise pollution.
The inner city boroughs of Mitte, Tiergarten, Wedding, Prenzlauer Berg, Friedrichshain and Kreuzberg reached their greatest population density in 1910 with 312 p/ha. Today, the population density of these boroughs has dropped to 116 p/ha, one-third of the peak value (cf. Fig. 2).