Currently, all residents of Berlin must follow general rules of conduct and hygiene.
If possible and reasonable to do so, a minimum distance of 1.5 meters is to be maintained from all persons who do not belong to your own household. This is especially important for people with typical Covid-19 symptoms. Exceptions are made for spouses and life partners as well as persons for whom you have custody or access rights.
All Berliners are strongly advised to have a PoC antigen test before meeting people from outside their household. Several test centers throughout Berlin offer free tests.
Every asymptomatic person has the opportunity to take advantage of free PoC antigen testing (“rapid tests”) at least once a week in state and commercial testing centers.
The following groups of people are considered to be vaccinated or recovered:
- Fully vaccinated persons for whom the final vaccination against the coronavirus took place at least 14 days previously. The corresponding vaccination certificate must be submitted in digital or paper form. Vaccination certificates issued in the European Union (EU) and outside the EU are accepted provided that the vaccine is recognized by the EU. Persons who have been vaccinated outside the EU can apply for an approved vaccination certificate by presenting their vaccination documents to the relevant authorities.
- Persons who have recovered from a Covid 19 infection that occurred at least 28 days and not more than six months previously. In this case, a positive PCR test taken within this time period shall serve as proof.
- Persons who contracted Covid-19 more than six months previously and have had at least one vaccination. In this case, both a positive PCR test and proof of vaccination in digital or paper form serve as evidence.
In order to contain the rate of infection, access to certain businesses, services and events can be restricted to specific groups of people – such as fully vaccinated or recovered persons. Currently, there are two models: 3G (VRT = Vaccinated/Recovered/Tested) and 2G (VR = Vaccinated/Recovered). In some areas a particular model may be mandatory.
When the 3G model is used, access is only granted to persons who are considered vaccinated or recovered or who present a current negative test result. Rapid tests are valid for 24 hours, while PCR tests cannot be older than 48 hours. Pupils who are regularly tested as part of their school attendance do not need to present a separate proof of testing. The school ID card serves as proof.
The 3G model (VRT
) is mandatory for the following:
- Local and long-distance public transport including access to the platforms in railway stations and ferry terminals
- The workplace
- Administrative buildings of the Federal State of Berlin, for example citizens’ offices (Bürgerämter)
- Outdoor events with more than 100 participants, unless the 2G (VR) model is chosen
- City tours and similar activities that take place exclusively outdoors, unless the 2G (VR) condition applies
- Basic education and German as a second language. All other courses must take place in the 2G (VR) model.
- Outdoor sports if the minimum distance is not kept. If only persons from one household are doing sports together, the obligation to use the 3G model does not apply.
The 2G model (VR) requires the following:
- Only persons who are fully vaccinated or deemed to have recovered from a Covid-19 infection will be allowed access to the event or facility concerned
- Proof of vaccination and recovery must be digitally verifiable – for example, using the Federal Government’s Corona Warn app or the Robert Koch Institute’s CovPass app. Printed QR codes are also digitally verifiable. Exceptions apply to persons who have been immunized outside the European Union (EU) with a vaccine accepted by the EU. Appropriate proof must be provided in this case.
- Proof that guests and customers have been vaccinated or recovered from a Covid-19 infection must be checked.
- Personnel with direct contact to guests or customers must alsoeither be vaccinated or have recovered from Covid-19, or present a daily negative Corona test. The same applies to persons who perform artistic performances at events. Employees who are not vaccinated or recovered must be offered employment which does not involve direct customer contact for the period in which VR conditions prevail.
- The obligation to wear a mask applies. If it is not possible to comply with this requirement, the organizers can stipulate that all visitors and customers must present a negative test or enforce the minimum distance between participants.
- Children under 18 may attend 2G (VR) events and enter and use 2G (VR) facilities if they test negative. The same applies to those persons who cannot be vaccinated for medical reasons. In this case, however, a PCR test is required. In addition, a medical certificate or a maternity record must be presented.
The 2G (VR) model is mandatory for the following events, facilities and services:
- All indoor events with more than 20 people
- All dance events. These may only take place outdoors.
- Body-related services in the personal care sector (such as hairdressers and beauty salons)
- Retail stores, except for stores providing basic supplies
- The indoor areas of restaurants and other catering establishments
- Museums, cinemas, theaters, concert halls and similar cultural facilities
- The indoor areas of libraries and archives
- Sightseeing tours, guided tours and similar tourist services if indoor areas are concerned
- Covered sports facilities including gyms and indoor swimming pools
- Driving schools and similar facilities
- Hotels and other types of accommodation
- Saunas, thermal baths and similar facilities
- Amusement arcades, amusement parks and similar establishments
- Sexual services, in which case further hygiene requirements apply, such as mandatory FFP2 masks
- Christmas markets
Organizers, service providers and owners of outdoor facilities can in certain circumstances decide whether they want to open using the 2G model. This is not mandatory in all cases.
Stores providing basic supplies such as supermarkets, gas stations, pharmacies, health food stores, drugstores and similar establishments are excluded from the 2G (VR) option.
In addition, the Berlin Senate strongly recommends that you wear a medical face mask. This recommendation applies in public places and especially when you are coming into contact with persons who are at particular risk.
Persons aged 15 and over have to wear a FFP2 mask without a ventilation valve or an equivalent mask in the following places:
- In medical practices – for patients and visitors
- In hospitals – for visitors and patients who are outside their room
- When providing and receiving permitted body care or sexual services
Children and adolescents between 6 and 14 years of age have to wear a medical face in these places.
You have to wear a medical face mask (surgical mask, FFP2 or KN95 mask without a ventilation valve) in the following places:
- In retail stores
- In local public transport
- At railway stations
- At airports
- On private journeys and in taxis for persons from another household. (car drivers do not have to wear a mask.)
- In commercial enterprises
- In medical practices – for staff
- In school buildings
- In nursing homes for visitors and patients who receive visitors
- In vocational training
- In office and administrative buildings. This obligation does not apply to employees when they are in their normal place of work.
- In lifts.
- Where food is served including in outdoor areas for employees and for guests who are not seated.
- At cultural events for participants who are not in their seats.
- Indoors in sports facilities, gyms, dance studios and similar facilities. The mask may be removed while participants are doing sports.
- At markets, Christmas markets and in queues
- At demonstrations outdoors
The mask must be worn in such a way that the mouth and nose are completely covered preventing the emission of aerosols and droplets. Anyone who does not comply with the obligation to cover their mouth and nose risks a fine.
Anyone who tests positive for coronavirus must immediately go into isolation at home and avoid all contact with persons outside the household. This does not apply to persons whose positive test result is from a self-test which was not carried out under supervision.
If the positive test result is from a PoC test (rapid test or self-test), further testing by PCR test is required. The quarantine obligation applies until a negative PCR test result is available – also in this case, persons with positive self-tests that were conducted without supervision are excluded. In the case of a positive PCR test, quarantine at home must be maintained for 14 days in consultation with the health department responsible. They can extend or shorten the duration of self-isolation depending on the situation. A negative Corona test is required to end the quarantine.