The funding landscape for the German film industry covers a broad spectrum of programmes on the federal state, national and EU levels. In 2013, the German film industry was supported by 350 million euros of funding through the Federal Film Board (FFA), the Federal Government Commissioner for Culture and the Media (BKM), and support bodies on the federal state level. At present, solely through the German Federal Film Fund (DFFF), the Federal Government provides 60 million euros annually for international co-produced film productions. In contrast to the European market, the American film industry finances its productions almost exclusively through box office returns and Video on Demand.
According to the Federal Film Board (FFA), 2013 closed with a record result for Germany’s home entertainment market. In total, the branch achieved a turnover of 1.75 billion euros in sales and distribution – 50 million euros up on the year before. This growth was especially evident in the sales market, up by three percent to 1.4 billion euros, and with a four percent rise in hire market sales to 312 million euros. The record turnover of DVD, Blu-ray and digital sales can be attributed to increased demand for physical products. Digital turnover from the distribution and sales of cinematic content rose by 25 percent to 154 million euros overall. The share of digital content in the total market sales of 1.7 billion euros has now risen to nine percent. In digital rental sales turnover has grown to 102 million euros, accounting for one third of the rental market sales.
In comparison to other regions, Berlin is well positioned in the film sector on the production side as well as through its pool of creative talent in acting, directing, and screenplay writing, and its density of cinemas. The distribution side has also been strength ened by such companies as the Studiocanal Group and major Video on Demand services locating to Berlin.
Thanks to its robust production infrastructure and funding conditions, it is hardly surprising that Berlin, with around 1,900 companies and 10,600 people working in the sector, heads the rankings of Germany’s film locations. The trend towards a further concentration of film businesses in the Berlin-Brandenburg capital region looks set to continue. Since 2009, the number of enterprises in all business sectors of the film industry has grown by over eight percent – in particular in distribution and post-production / film technologies, but also in the area of freelance creative workers in film. Berlin is the location of choice for the headquarters of over 16 percent of film sector companies in Germany; it is also home to the main offices of more than 36 percent of Germany’s production companies and around 22 percent of the businesses in post-production / film technologies.
In 2012, the Berlin film industry recorded a total turnover of approximately 803 million euros, a slight decrease over 2009. These figures, though, also showed areas of growth, in particular in post-production / film technologies and freelance cinematic artists. Berlin’s film industry provides more than 10,600 jobs. Bench – marked on 2009 figures, the number of film sector employees has fallen by around six percent. At present, Berlin has the highest concentration of jobs in certain occupations in Germany. For example, the city has the highest proportion of camera operators in relation to all those employed in Germany, as well as the
highest percentage of stage, image and sound technicians. These figures are significantly higher than in regions such as Cologne-Düsseldorf, Hamburg and Munich.