In 2014, Berlin’s industry achieved a gross value added of 96 billion euros. This growth in efficiency is also reflected in an industrial per capita productivity which similarly increased by around one fifth between 2005 and 2014. In 2014, an industrial employee in Berlin generated approximately 80,300 euros, slightly above the average in Germany. In a national comparison, Berlin is now seventh in the rankings.
… is flourishing again
After the fall of the Wall and German reunification, Berlin’s economy underwent a profound structural change. Over the last years, though, the city’s industrial sector has regained its momentum and is driving forward economic growth, with Berlin’s industry recording a growth in real gross value added (GVA) of around 20% between 2005 and 2013. Berlin’s industry has thus proved itself to be a highly productive economic sector in spite of the cyclical swings of the last years in the wake of the international financial and economic crisis, and the crisis in the euro area.
Berlin is a leader in Germany in particular in the sectors of energy, life sciences, information and communication technologies, optics, mobility, microsystems engineering and clean technologies. Thanks to the broad diversity of Berlin’s industrial mix, the city’s industry is less sensitive overall to cyclical influences. In addition, it has a strong focus on exports.
In Berlin, approximately 154,000 young people are studying at the city’s 40 universities and colleges of higher education. Every year, 26,000 students graduate from these institutions and enter the labour market as well-qualified workers. Around 35% of these graduates come from the STEM subjects (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics). Approximately half of the graduates from Universities of Sciences remain in companies in the region.
Focus: The professional situation of graduates – in particular in Berlin as an employment location
Through their graduates, Berlin’s universities have a significant impact on the city as a location for employment. At the Hochschule für Technik und Wirtschaft Berlin (HTW) for example, approximately 60% of those graduating from diploma programmes, and 73% of those completing undergraduate or masters’ degrees (student cohorts 2007 – 2010) entered the labour market in Berlin.
This was especially the case for STEM subjects. With Berlin-based companies particularly keen to acquire graduates in these areas, the number of these graduates remaining in the city is high especially, for instance, from electrical engineering (71%) telecommunications / communication technologies (100%), computer engineering (70%), and applied (82%) and business information systems (74% bachelor’s programme, 71% master’s programme).Source: Survey of Hochschule für Technik und Wirtschaft Berlin graduates by the HIS Institut für Hochschulforschung for the years 2007 – 2010
Focus: Industrial park as trailblazer for climate neutrality – NEMo: The “Zero Emissions” Climate Protection Project in Motzener Straße
With the NEMo project, Motzener Straße aims to become the first industrial park in Berlin to gradually cut its carbon emissions.
Achieving this objective entails jointly developing, planning and organising measures which offer advantages for the businesses, the district and the site’s energy and carbon footprint. Such measures could be, for example, supplying the location with renewable energies, waste heat usage and storage, traffic reduction and improving e-mobility, waste recycling and exchange as well as improving the micro-climate by such methods as greening, rainwater drainage or unsealing parking areas.
With this landmark project, the Motzener Straße industrial park is making an important contribution to the Berlin Senate’s policy initiative of turning Berlin into a climate-neutral city by 2050.
The project is funded by the National Climate Initiative of the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety.
Focus: Berlin boasts numerous Nobel laureates and other award winners in science.
For example, in 2007, Prof. Gerhard Ertl, from 1986 to 2004 Director of the Physical Chemistry Department at the Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society, received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his studies of chemical processes on solid surfaces. In particular, this prize came as recognition of his groundbreaking research in the field of surface chemistry.
In 2011, Prof. Emad Flear Aziz, a physicist working at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin (HBZ) and Freie Universität Berlin, was awarded one of the coveted ERC Starting Grants by the European Research Council. The award provided for a total of 1.5 million euros to support Professor Aziz’s research project into “The Structure and Dynamics of Porphyrin-based Materials in Solutions vs. Interfaces”.Sources: Press release 10.10.2007, Nobelprize.org, Hermann Nachrichten der Helmholtz-Gesellschaft.
Focus: Successful cooperation between science, industry and the state
Fraunhofer innovation clusters stand for cooperation between the fields of science, economics, politics and civil society to secure the long-term interaction and exchange of knowledge in a region.
The Fraunhofer Innovation Cluster “Maintenance, Repair and Overhaul (MRO) in Energy and Transport” aims to develop resource-saving and energy-efficient MRO processes and technologies and establish them sustainably in the capital region. The cluster is receiving funding of around 14 million euros over a period of three years, with the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft, the federal states of Berlin and Brandenburg, and the participating companies each providing one third of that sum within the context of various projects.
The Fraunhofer innovation cluster has proved extremely successful in improving competitiveness by developing MRO solutions and applying them in industry.