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The Wall inside the city

The map shows you the former course of the Berlin Wall inside the city, along with remains and traces of the Wall and memorial sites. Clicking on the blue boxes in the “Navigation” field will make the various objects appear and disappear. The following object layers can be called up individually:

Former border strip between the inner and outer walls


In the years following the events of 13 August 1961, the GDR leadership expanded the border fortifications between East and West Berlin to create a system of many different control elements. The border walls and fences were as high as 3.60 meters in places, while the “no man’s land” that separated them was between five and several hundred meters wide. Today most of that area has been built over. In some parts, green spaces or memorial sites contribute to making this a “commemorative landscape.” Our map shows the outer wall, built on the border to West Berlin, in red, while the inner wall is marked in blue.
The political border that was crucial to fugitives is marked in yellow wherever it deviates from the location of the outer wall.

Remains of the Wall/Traces of the Wall


The Berlin authorities responsible for the preservation of historical monuments have been working since 1990 to preserve sections of the Wall and of the border fortifications. They have managed to classify several hundred meters of the inner and outer walls and three guard towers as historical monuments, thereby preserving them for the future.

Former border crossings between East and West Berlin


Seven street crossings and one train station crossing connected East and West Berlin between 22 August 1961 and 9 November 1989. Traffic between the Federal Republic of Germany and West Berlin was channeled into transit routes with their own border crossing points.

Commemorative sites along the Berlin Wall


The Berlin Wall Memorial, the Wall memorial at the Marie-Elisabeth-Lüders-Haus, the “Parlament der Bäume” (Parliament of Trees), and other sites recall the victims of the Berlin Wall. The Berlin Wall Memorial, the memorial at the Marie-Elisabeth-Lüders-Haus, and the “Parlament der Bäume” were put up after the fall of the Wall in November 1989, while other sites were established in West Berlin between 1961 and 1989. They document the history of remembrance.

Documentation centers and museums along the Berlin Wall


You can find out more about the political events behind the division of Berlin, about escape attempts, and about individual fates at the Berlin Wall Memorial and at the Wall museum Museum Haus am Checkpoint Charlie. Both are located along the former course of the Wall. Other documentation centers focusing on postwar history, the division of Germany, and the history of the GDR can be found in other parts of the city.

Other important Wall sites


Sections of the Berlin Wall have been preserved on the grounds of the foundation “Topography of Terror.” The East Side Gallery on Mühlenstrasse, famous all over the world, is a long section of the former inner wall that was painted by artists after the Wall had fallen. Elsewhere in Berlin, all traces of the Wall were removed in the interest of effecting visible reunification of the two halves of the city.

Berlin Wall History Mile / Berlin Wall Trail


A double row of cobblestones and bronze plaques inscribed “Berliner Mauer 1961–1989" mark the former course of the Wall. The Berlin Wall History Mile displays historical photographs and descriptions in four languages of the events that took place at the individual sites. There are 30 stations along the History Mile.

Artistic markers


Seven works of art mark the former crossing points on the border to West Berlin. They were chosen in a jury competition in 1996 and were put up by the federal state of Berlin between 1997 and 1999.

Other sites


Here you will find other sites like the Chapel of Reconciliation on Bernauer Strasse and the Soviet Memorial in Treptow.