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History

Founded in the 13th century, Berlin has had an eventful history. Excavations from 2008 suggest that the city may be even older than was previously assumed: state archaeologists have discovered an oak beam that probably dates back to 1183.
Almost no other metropolis has experienced such frequent, radical change transforming the face of the city. Although Berlin saw steady growth in its importance, dazzling epochs alternated with darker eras. Nevertheless, the formerly divided city has succeeded in becoming a vibrant metropolis in the heart of Europe.
The medieval trading center

The medieval trading center

The founding of Cölln and Berlin and membership in the Hanseatic League    more »

The electors’ residence

The electors’ residence

The Hohenzollerns rule Brandenburg and the Reformation reaches Berlin    more »

The royal capital

The royal capital

Friedrich I is crowned the Prussian king/Berlin becomes a center of the Enlightenment    more »

The imperial capital

The imperial capital

Berlin is the political heart of the German Reich    more »

The cosmopolitan city of the Weimar Republic

The cosmopolitan city of the Weimar Republic

Between the cultural heyday of the Golden Twenties and the city’s decline    more »

Berlin in the National Socialist era

Berlin in the National Socialist era

Hitler’s rise to power, anti-Jewish pogroms, and the years leading up to another World War    more »

Berlin after 1945

Berlin after 1945

A blockade and construction of the Wall follow the city’s division into sectors    more »

The fall of the Wall and reunification

The fall of the Wall and reunification

The people force the government to open the borders    more »

The new Berlin

The new Berlin

A construction boom and the move of Germany’s parliament and government    more »