Hufeisensiedlung (“horseshoe estate”)
With their “horseshoe estate” (Hufeisensiedlung; 1925–1927), architects Bruno Taut and Martin Wagner were aiming to create a prototypical modern large estate. A horseshoe-shaped apartment building stands in the center, surrounded by streets with one- to three-story row houses radiating outward. In order to give the working-class population healthy and affordable housing, the estate’s more than 1,000 residential units were built of prefabricated modules in four different floor plans and with abundant green space. The Hufeisensiedlung and five other housing estates from the same era were added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2008.