Accommodation during the Asylum Process
Where do I live during the asylum process?
For the duration of six months after your registration, you may be obligated to live in an initial acceptance centre. If you come from a so-called “safe origin country” (currently the following countries: Ghana, Senegal, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Serbia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Albania, and Kosovo), then you will have to remain in the initial acceptance centre during the entire asylum process. Otherwise, you can move to subsequent accommodation, normally after six months have passed, however, there is currently a lack of accommodation, which means that this may take longer.
Subsequent accommodation may be apartments as well as shared accommodation, where you live with a number of other people. In your subsequent accommodation, you will be provided living space, and you will also receive a regular monthly amount of money from the social assistance office (Asylbewerberleistungen – asylum applicant payments) to purchase necessary items.
What is an Aufenthaltsbeschränkung (stay limit)?
A stay limit means that that you initially may not leave the district of the Ausländerbehörde (foreign nationals department) in which your initial acceptance centre is located – in your case, this is the state of Berlin. You may not work during the limited stay period. For asylum applicants and special leave applicants, the stay limit only applies to the first three months following submission of the application. After this, you may usually move freely within Germany. If you live in an initial acceptance centre (see line above), then you are also subject to a stay limit there for the duration of obligatory residency (i.e. six months after moving in).
Exceptions apply to asylum applicants from “safe origin countries”, who usually need to remain in an initial acceptance centre during the entire asylum process and until departure from the country if asylum is rejected.
What is a Wohnsitzauflage (specified residence)?
The residence requirement is issued by the immigration authorities with the obligation of taking residence in a certain place. It can be issued to tolerated persons, owners of a humanitarian residence permit (§ 25 paragraph 3 of the Residence Act), asylum seekers and persons, whose asylum application has been approved. Here, there are a lot more conditions and exceptions. If in doubt, you should seek advice from a lawyer or from a consultation centre.
When do I have to live in initial acceptance centres / emergency accommodation?
You must live in an emergency accommodation until you are registered and assigned to an external office of the Federal Ministry of Migrant and Refugee Affairs. After this, you must live in an initial acceptance centre. It may occur that both accommodations are in the same building. In any case, you must remain in the initial acceptance centre for six weeks and for a maximum of six months after you have been registered. Asylum applicants from “safe origin countries” must normally remain at the initial acceptance centre until a decision is made about their asylum application or until their departure from the country in case the application is rejected.
When do I have to live in shared accommodations?
After you have lived in an initial acceptance centre for a maximum of six months, you will be moved to shared accommodation as quickly as possible. In any case, there is a lack of living space in many areas, which means that you may need to stay in an initial acceptance centre for longer.
Can I move into an apartment during the asylum process?
In this case, you must consider two separate periods: you are obligated to live in your assigned initial acceptance centre for six months after moving into the initial acceptance centre and for three months after receiving your first stay permit. If both periods have expired, then you are permitted to move into an apartment.
If the state of Berlin is financing your living expenses, then your apartment may not be too expensive.
Before you start looking for an apartment, you need to apply for a Mietübernahmeschein (rent acceptance permit) at the central asylum applicant coordination centre. Once you have this document, you may register with EJF to look for an apartment and get advice.
After this, you may look for an apartment. Tips and ideas for continuing are provided in Search for an Apartment. Your apartment must be appropriately large and inexpensive, and a stove and kitchen sink must also be available.
Before you sign the rental contract, you also need confirmation that the public authorities will assume the costs for exactly this apartment in particular, which you have chosen. For this purpose, you must visit EJF with the following documents:
- Allgemeiner Mietübernahmeschein (general rent acceptance certificate)
- Gültige Aufenthaltsgestattung (valid stay permit)
- Ausgefüllte Erlaubnis zur Weitergabe von Daten (completed data transfer permission)
- Rental offer specifying rent without heating costs and with utility and heating costs
- Current contact data for the landlord and for yourself (telephone and e-mail)
- Possible supported costs and a payment statement from the district office or job centre
Additional information about this topic is available from EJF. If you have received conformation that your rental costs will be covered, then provide this to your landlord and ask them if you may move into the apartment.
If you have a room that you would like to offer to provide accommodation to a refugee, there are different options for offering your room. For example, you can register your free room via the Flüchtlinge Willkommen website. Or you can inform yourself with this information paper.
When do special protection needs apply to residency?
Some refugees require more protection and help than others. They therefore have special rights and receive special support. Those in particular need of protection are for example, pregnant women, people with disabilities or are extremely ill, women travelling alone, single women, under-age children and gay, bisexual and transgender people (LGBT).
Should you have a special need for protection which effects your living (for example, with pregnancy, disability, severe illness, because you travel as a solo woman or with children, because you are gay or transgender), please make it known at registration or at the welfare services of the State Office for Refugee Matters. There, there are special contact persons for women, gay and transgender people, who you can confide in with confidence at a later time. You can also confide in Caritas. You then receive help, if your particular protection need during your stay has been recognised by the State Office for Refugee Matters.