Rules for Living Together

Two neighbours are talking in the garden by the fence

All people have the same basic dignity and receive basic and human rights – the state has the obligation to ensure these rights.
Every person has dignity and human rights. This applies to all people because they are human beings – no matter what their gender is, if they are young or old, religious or not religious, if they are Jewish, Christian, Muslim, or believe in another religion or ideology, and no matter where they come from or if they are rich or poor. In Germany, the state has the duty of acknowledging and protecting the dignity and rights of all people.

All people are different, but they are equal as human beings. Discrimination is prohibited.
All people are equal before the law. Men and women have the same rights and freedoms. No one may be disadvantaged because of their gender, “skin colour” (appearance), background or origin, religion or ideology, sexual identity or due to a handicap. All people must treat each other free of violence and with respect.

The basic law of the federal Republic of Germany, the German Constitution is available from the German Parliament for you to read.

Children have rights

The human rights apply of course for children as well. Children especially need protection. Therefore, there are children’s rights that apply for humans up until the 18th birthday. These were adopted by the United Nations at a Convention on the Rights of a Child in 1989. The US Convention on the Rights of a Child contains 54 articles and is based on four core principles: the ban on discrimination, the right to life and personal development, the right to participation and the best interests of child welfare. The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) summarises the ten elementary rights of children as follows:
  • the right to equal treatment
  • the right to health
  • the right to education
  • the right to play and leisure
  • the right to free expression of opinion and participation
  • the right to non-violent upbringing
  • the right to protection in war and in flight
  • the right to protection from economic and sexual exploitation
  • the right to parental care
  • the right to special care and assistance with disabilities
    The UN Convention on the Rights of a Child can be found on the website for the Federal Ministry for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth.
    There, you can also find the leaflet “The Rights of Children. By logo! Explained in simple terms”. It explains in simple terms, with stories and pictures what the Convention for the Rights of a Child is and what it means for children and youths.