Content

Groundwater Levels of the Main Aquifer and Panke Valley Aquifer 2009

Figures / Tables

Figures

Fig. 1: Location of the nine waterworks which supply Berlin with drinking water, as of May 2009

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Fig. 2: Phenomenology of Underground Water

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Fig. 3: Hydrogeological Terms

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Fig. 4a: Groundwater infiltrates into bodies of water

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Fig. 4b: Bank-filtered water caused by flood water: surface water infiltrates into groundwater

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Fig. 4c: Bank-filtered water caused by discharge of groundwater: due to the drop in the groundwater caused by wells, surface water infiltrates into the groundwater

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Fig. 5: Morphological Outline Map of Berlin

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Fig. 6: Geological Outline Map of Berlin

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Fig. 7: Schematical Hydrogeological Cross-Section of Berlin from South to North

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Fig. 8: The unconfined Panke Valley aquifer (Aquifer 1) in the northwestern area of the Barnim Plateau is situated above the main aquifer (Aquifer 2), which is confined in this area

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Fig. 9: Hydrographic Curve of Groundwater Levels at a Measurement Point in the Borough of Mitte, since 1870 (The highest groundwater level(HGW) was here measured on Juny 1st, 1876. Since 1905 the groundwater level temporary is heavily affected by numerous drawdowns.)

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Fig. 10: Drop in raw-water discharge by the Berlin Water Utility over a twenty-year period

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Fig. 10: Drop in raw-water discharge by the Berlin Water Utility over a twenty-year period

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Tables

Tab. 1: Interpolation inputs for the Kriging method

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