Berlin Tegel Airport (TXL)
Ordinance of the Berlin Senate on the establishment of the noise protection area for Berlin Tegel Airport of June 4, 1976, GVBl. No. 50 p. 1242.
The noise protection area encompasses the area outside the site of the airfield in which the equivalent continuous sound pressure level LAeq caused by aircraft noise is more than 67 dB(A). This area is subdivided into two protection zones. Protection zone 1 encompasses the area in which the equivalent continuous sound pressure level is more than 75 dB(A); protection zone 2 is formed by the remaining area of the noise protection area.
These equivalent continuous sound pressure levels are not comparable with those of the Strategic Noise Maps.
The protection zones stipulate certain restrictions for the purpose of noise protection:
- In principle, residential buildings may not be built in protection zone 1 of the noise protection area,
- in protection zone 2, construction is permitted only for buildings which meet certain structural sound insulation requirements,
- the construction of facilities requiring special protection (e.g. hospitals and schools) is forbidden in both protection zones.
In addition, the planning zone is registered as an area in which the equivalent continuous sound pressure level LAeq caused by aircraft noise is more than 62 dB(A). Based on the old Aircraft Noise Protection Law of 1971 [§ 16] and the Federal Building Code [§ 5 (2) No. 6], an area is thereby established in which particularly sensitive uses are to be precluded in development plans and stricter sound insulation requirements are to be imposed for other uses.
Berlin Brandenburg Airport (BER)
Ordinance of the Berlin state government on the establishment of the noise protection area for the commercial airport Berlin Brandenburg (FlugLärmBERV Bln) of July 30, 2013, GVBl. No. 21 p. 430.
Pursuant to the amended Aircraft Noise Protection Law, an airfield’s noise protection area is subdivided according to the noise load into two protection zones for the day and one protection zone for the night. The protection zones are those areas outside the site of the airfield in which the equivalent continuous sound pressure level LAeq caused by aircraft noise and, in the case of the nighttime protection zone, also the maximal level LAmax caused by aircraft noise exceeds the following values, where the frequency is determined from the mean value over the six months with the greatest volume of traffic in the forecast year [§ 2 (2) FluLärmG].
Around BER Airport, these values are for the
- Daytime protection zone 1 LAeq Day = 65 dB(A),
- Daytime protection zone 2 LAeq Day = 60 dB(A),
- Nighttime protection zone LAeq Night = 55 dB(A) and LAmax = 6 times 57 dB(A) indoors.
Building restrictions in the noise protection area in principle as well as in the daytime protection zone 1 and in the nighttime protection zone are regulated in § 5, land use restrictions in § 6 of the FluLärmG.
Additionally, the Residential Restriction Planning Zone is represented as a zoning goal in the Joint State Development Plan for Airport Site Development (Landesentwicklungsplan Flughafenstandortentwicklung, LEP FS), which stipulates that in principle no new residential areas or particularly noise-sensitive facilities in the sense of the Aircraft Noise Protection Law [§ 5 (1)] may be represented or established in land-use and development plans.
The contour of this zone has been included in the land-use plan as a matter of course under the title “Use restrictions for the purpose of environmental protection” (cf. implementation regulations AV-FNP 2016, 12.4).