Aircraft Noise 2009
In 2018, 34.7 million passengers passed through Berlin’s airports, rendering the city the third largest airport hub in Germany. Aircraft engines are the main cause for skyrocketing noise levels along runways.
The German Act for Aircraft Noise Protection (FluLärmG) stipulates that there must be designated noise protection areas at all commercial and military airports. For example, hospitals, retirement homes and similar facilities may not be built there. There are restrictions to building apartments, which must meet sound insulation requirements.
Noise protection areas are established based on standardised noise measurements and consist of two daytime protection zones and, if necessary, an additional night-time protection zone. The location and size of the areas are determined by the state government.
In addition to legal requirements, Berlin Brandenburg Airport (BER), which is in the works, must meet additional noise protection specifications resulting from the planning approval of 2004 (only in German) and the plan amendment of 2009 (only in German). Residents within the daytime protection zone, for example, are entitled to financial compensation or the installation of sound insulation. This shall ensure that a noise level of 55 decibels is not exceeded inside buildings during the day.
Please note: besides the current noise protection areas in the city, you will come across the former protected area at Tempelhof Airport (THF) in the map series, which was closed in 2008. The noise protection area at Tegel Airport (TXL) shall be lifted six months after BER starts operating at the latest.