Content

Long-term Development of Selected Climate Parameters 2013

Figures / Tables

Figures

Fig. 0.1: Location of the evaluated Berlin climate stations in the municipal area of Berlin. The measurement sites are marked by yellow circles (the Potsdam station lies to the southwest outside the map section)

JPG-Document (287.0 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014

Fig. 1.1: History of the annual mean temperatures at a height of 2 m of all stations under consideration in the respective measurement period up to the end of 2013; Berlin-Alexanderplatz and Berlin-Grunewald stations up to the end of 2012

GIF-Document (21.5 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014, Knerr 2014

Fig. 1.2: History of the number of summer days of all stations under consideration in the respective measurement period up to the end of 2013; Berlin-Alexanderplatz and Berlin-Grunewald stations up to end of 2012

GIF-Document (47.0 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014, Knerr 2014

Fig. 1.3: History of the number of hot days of all stations under consideration in the respective measurement period up to the end of 2013; Berlin-Alexanderplatz and Berlin-Grunewald stations up to the end of 2012

GIF-Document (53.7 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014, Knerr 2014

Fig. 1.4: History of the number of tropical nights of all stations under consideration in the period 1981 to 2013; Berlin-Alexanderplatz and Berlin-Grunewald stations up to the end of 2012

GIF-Document (21.2 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014, Knerr 2014

Fig. 1.5: History of the number of frost days of all stations under consideration in the respective measurement period up to the end of 2013; Berlin-Alexanderplatz and Berlin-Grunewald stations up to the end of 2012

GIF-Document (39.2 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014, Knerr 2014

Fig. 1.6: History of the number of ice days of all stations under consideration in the respective measurement period up to the end of 2013; Berlin-Alexanderplatz and Berlin-Grunewald stations up to the end of 2012

GIF-Document (46.2 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014, Knerr 2014

Fig. 2.1: History of the annual mean temperature at the Berlin-Alexanderplatz site in the long-term time interval 1981 to 2010

GIF-Document (16.9 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014, Knerr 2014

Fig. 2.2: Climate diagram for the Berlin-Alexanderplatz station for the long-term time interval 1981 to 2010

GIF-Document (20.6 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014, Knerr 2014

Fig. 2.3: History of the threshold days summer day, hot day and tropical night for the Berlin-Alexanderplatz station for the long-term period 1981 to 2010

GIF-Document (31.2 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014, Knerr 2014

Fig. 2.4: Frequency of the occurrence of consecutive summer days, hot days and tropical nights for the long-term period 1981 to 2010 at the Berlin-Alexanderplatz station

GIF-Document (19.7 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014, Knerr 2014

Fig. 2.5: History of the threshold days frost day and ice day at the Berlin-Alexanderplatz station for the long-term period 1981 to 2010

GIF-Document (24.8 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014, Knerr 2014

Fig. 3.1: Climate diagram of the Berlin-Dahlem station for the long-term period 1981 to 2010

GIF-Document (23.5 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014, Knerr 2014

Fig. 3.2: Mean monthly sunshine duration at the Berlin-Dahlem station for the long-term period 1981 to 2010

GIF-Document (43.0 kB) Image: statistical base DWD, processing GEO-NET 2014

Fig. 3.3: Mean wind direction distribution in the period 2001 to 2010 at the Berlin-Dahlem measurement station (measurement height 26 m). The ring lines indicate the frequencies of occurrence of the wind directions, their distance corresponds to 1 %

GIF-Document (50.0 kB) Image: statistical base DWD, processing GEO-NET 2014

Fig. 3.4: Frequencies of the wind directions in the annual mean at the Berlin-Dahlem measurement station in the period 2001 to 2010 by wind speed

GIF-Document (106.5 kB) Image: statistical base DWD, processing GEO-NET 2014

Fig. 3.5: History of the annual mean temperature at the Berlin-Dahlem station in the period 1950 to 2013

GIF-Document (21.0 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014, Knerr 2014

Fig. 3.6: History of the threshold days summer day, hot day and tropical night at the Berlin-Dahlem station in the period 1950 to 2013

GIF-Document (37.0 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014, Knerr 2014

Fig. 3.7: Frequency of occurrence of consecutive summer days, hot days and tropical nights for the long-term period 1981 to 2010 at the Berlin-Dahlem station

GIF-Document (17.0 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014, Knerr 2014

Fig. 3.8: History of the threshold days frost day and ice day at the Berlin-Dahlem station in the period 1950 to 2013

GIF-Document (34.5 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014, Knerr 2014

Fig. 4.1: Climate diagram for the Berlin-Grunewald station for the period 1988 to 2010

GIF-Document (18.2 kB) Image: Knerr 2014

Fig. 4.2: Mean wind direction distribution in the period 2001 to 2010 at the Berlin-Grunewald measurement station (measurement height 27 m, about 7 m above trees 20 m high)

GIF-Document (44.9 kB) Image: data provided by SenStadtUm 2013, processing GEO-NET 2014

Fig. 4.3: Frequencies of the wind directions in the annual mean in the period 2001 to 2010 at the Berlin-Grunewald measurement station by wind speed

GIF-Document (86.5 kB) Image: data provided by SenStadtUm 2013, processing GEO-NET 2014

Fig. 4.4: History of the annual mean temperature at the Berlin-Grunewald site in the measurement period 1988 to 2012

GIF-Document (18.7 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014, Knerr 2014

Fig. 4.5: History of the threshold days summer day, hot day and tropical night for the Berlin-Grunewald station in the measurement period 1988 to 2012

GIF-Document (22.0 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014, Knerr 2014

Fig. 4.6: Frequency of occurrence of consecutive summer days, hot days and tropical nights for the 23-year period 1988 to 2010 at the Berlin-Grunewald station

GIF-Document (17.1 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014, Knerr 2014

Fig. 4.7: History of the winter threshold days frost day and ice day at the Berlin-Grunewald station in the measurement period 1988 to 2012

GIF-Document (26.0 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014, Knerr 2014

Fig. 5.1: Climate diagram for the Berlin-Tegel station for the long-term period 1981 to 2010

GIF-Document (36.0 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014, Knerr 2014

Fig. 5.2: Mean monthly sunshine duration at the Berlin-Tegel climate station for the long-term period 1981 to 2010

GIF-Document (57.2 kB) Image: statistical base DWD, processing GEO-NET 2014

Fig. 5.3: Mean wind direction distribution in the period 2001 to 2010 at the Berlin-Tegel aviation weather station (measurement height 10 m). The ring lines indicate the frequencies of occurrence of the wind directions, their distance corresponds to 1 %

GIF-Document (47.2 kB) Image: statistical base DWD, processing GEO-NET 2014

Fig. 5.4: Frequencies of the wind directions in the annual mean in the period 2001 to 2010 at the Berlin-Tegel aviation weather station by wind speed

GIF-Document (106.7 kB) Image: statistical base DWD, processing GEO-NET 2014

Fig. 5.5: History of the annual mean temperature at the Berlin-Tegel station in the measurement period 1963 to 2013

GIF-Document (19.8 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014, Knerr 2014

Fig. 5.6: History of the threshold days summer day, hot day and tropical night at the Berlin-Tegel station in the measurement period 1963 to 2013

GIF-Document (35.2 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014, Knerr 2014

Fig. 5.7: Frequency of occurrence of consecutive summer days, hot days and tropical nights for the long-term period 1981 to 2010 at the Berlin-Tegel station

GIF-Document (21.4 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014, Knerr 2014

Fig. 5.8: History of the threshold days frost day and ice day at the Berlin-Tegel station in the measurement period 1963 to 2013

GIF-Document (33.3 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014, Knerr 2014

Fig. 5.9: History of the threshold days frost day and ice day at the Berlin-Tegel station for the long-term period 1981 to 2010

GIF-Document (26.9 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014, Knerr 2014

Fig. 6.10: History of the threshold days frost day and ice day at the Berlin-Tempelhof station in the measurement period 1948 to 2013

GIF-Document (35.3 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014, Knerr 2014

Fig. 6.11: History of the threshold days frost day and ice day at the Berlin-Tempelhof station for the long-term period 1981 to 2010

GIF-Document (25.3 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014, Knerr 2014

Fig. 6.1: Climate diagram for the Berlin-Tempelhof station for the long-term period 1981 to 2010

GIF-Document (35.4 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014, Knerr 2014

Fig. 6.2: Mean monthly sunshine duration at the Berlin-Tempelhof climate station for the long-term period 1981 to 2010

GIF-Document (36.7 kB) Image: statistical base DWD, processing GEO-NET 2014

Fig. 6.3: Mean wind direction distribution in the period 2001 to 2010 at the Berlin-Tempelhof climate station (measurement height 10 m). The ring lines indicate the frequencies of occurrence of the wind directions, their distance corresponds to 1 %

GIF-Document (39.5 kB) Image: statistical base DWD, processing GEO-NET 2014

Fig. 6.4: Frequencies of the wind directions in the annual mean for the period 2001-2010 at the Berlin-Tempelhof climate station by wind speed (measurement height 10 m). The ring lines indicate the frequencies of occurrence of the wind directions, their distance corresponds to 1 %

GIF-Document (87.3 kB) Image: statistical base DWD, processing GEO-NET 2014

Fig. 6.5: Mean frequencies of the wind directions in the summer and winter half-years of the period 2001-2010 at the Berlin-Tempelhof climate station (measurement height 10 m). The ring lines indicate the frequencies of occurrence of the wind directions, their distance corresponds to 1 %

GIF-Document (112.2 kB) Image: statistical base DWD, processing GEO-NET 2014

Fig. 6.6: History of the annual mean temperature at the Berlin-Tempelhof site in the measurement period 1948 into 2013

GIF-Document (22.6 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014, Knerr 2014

Fig. 6.7: History of the threshold days summer day, hot day and tropical night at the Berlin-Tempelhof station in the measurement period 1948 to 2013

GIF-Document (38.3 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014, Knerr 2014

Fig. 6.8: History of the threshold days summer day, hot day and tropical night at the Berlin-Tempelhof station for the long-term period 1981 to 2010

GIF-Document (31.8 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014, Knerr 2014

Fig. 6.9: Frequency of occurrence of consecutive summer days, hot days and tropical nights for the long-term period 1981 to 2010 at the Berlin-Tempelhof station

GIF-Document (22.2 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014, Knerr 2014

Fig. 6.10: History of the threshold days frost day and ice day at the Berlin-Tempelhof station in the measurement period 1948 to 2013

GIF-Document (35.3 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014, Knerr 2014

Fig. 6.11: History of the threshold days frost day and ice day at the Berlin-Tempelhof station for the long-term period 1981 to 2010

GIF-Document (25.3 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014, Knerr 2014

Fig. 7.1: Climate diagram for the Potsdam station for the long-term period 1981 to 2010

GIF-Document (34.9 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014, Knerr 2014

Fig. 7.2: Mean monthly sunshine duration at the Potsdam station for the long-term period 1981 to 2010

GIF-Document (42.5 kB) Image: statistical base DWD, processing GEO-NET 2014

Fig. 7.3: History of the annual mean temperature at the Potsdam station in the measurement period 1893 to 2013

GIF-Document (26.3 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014, Knerr 2014

Fig. 7.4: History of the threshold days summer day, hot day and tropical night for the Potsdam station in the measurement period 1893 to 2013

GIF-Document (48.8 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014, Knerr 2014

Fig. 7.5: History of the threshold days summer day, hot day and tropical night at the Potsdam station for the long-term period 1981 to 2010

GIF-Document (33.0 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014, Knerr 2014

Fig. 7.6: Frequency of occurrence of consecutive summer days, hot days and tropical nights for the long-term period 1981 to 2010 at the Potsdam station

GIF-Document (22.1 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014, Knerr 2014

Fig. 7.7: History of the threshold days frost day and ice day at the Potsdam station in the measurement period 1893 to 2013

GIF-Document (46.5 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014, Knerr 2014

Fig. 7.8: History of the threshold days frost day and ice day at the Potsdam station for the long-term period 1981 to 2010

GIF-Document (29.1 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014, Knerr 2014

Fig. 8.1: Mean frequencies of summer days, hot days and tropical nights in the long-term period 1981 to 2010 at the climate stations under consideration in the Berlin area (time series for the Grunewald station: 1988-2012)

GIF-Document (16.8 kB) Image: statistical base DWD, SenStadtUm 2013, processing GEO-NET 2014

Fig. 8.2: Projection of future near-ground annual mean temperatures at three Berlin climate stations for the time period 2011 to 2100; WETTREG simulation, scenario A1B, (dashed lines = linear trend)

GIF-Document (101.2 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014

Fig. 8.3: Projection of the number of future summer days at three Berlin climate stations for the time period 2011 to 2100; WETTREG simulation, scenario A1B, (dashed lines = polynomial trend)

GIF-Document (79.5 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014

Fig. 8.4: Projection of the number of future hot days at three Berlin climate stations for the time period 2011-2100; WETTREG simulation, scenario A1B, (dashed lines = polynomial trend)

GIF-Document (80.5 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014

Fig. 8.5: Common projection of the number of future summer days and hot days at three Berlin climate stations for the time period 2011 to 2100; WETTREG simulation, projection A1B, (dashed lines = linear trend)

GIF-Document (94.2 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014

Fig. 8.6: Projection of the number of future tropical nights at three Berlin climate stations for the time period 2011 to 2100; WETTREG simulation, scenario A1B,

GIF-Document (89.8 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014

Fig. 8.7: Projection of the number of future tropical nights at three Berlin climate stations for the reference periods 2011-2040, 2041-2070, 2071-2100; WETTREG simulation, scenario A1B

GIF-Document (61.6 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014

Fig. 8.8: Projection of the average number of future hot waves per year at three Berlin climate stations for the time period 2011 to 2100; WETTREG projection, scenario A1B, (dashed lines = polynomial trend)

GIF-Document (37.7 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014

Fig. 8.9: Projection of the mean and maximum number of future consecutive hot days per year at three Berlin climate stations for the time period 2011 to 2100; WETTREG projection, scenario A1B, (dashed lines = polynomial trend).

GIF-Document (32.3 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014

Tables

Tab. 2.1: Characteristics of the Berlin-Alexanderplatz climate station

GIF-Document (13.1 kB)

Tab. 3.1: Characteristics of the Berlin-Dahlem climate station

GIF-Document (24.8 kB)

Tab. 3.2: Monthly mean values of climate parameters at the Berlin-Dahlem station for the long-term period 1981 to 2010

GIF-Document (31.3 kB) Image: statistical base DWD, processing GEO-NET 2014

Tab. 4.1: Characteristics of the Berlin-Grunewald climate station

GIF-Document (13.6 kB)

Tab. 4.2: Monthly mean values of climate parameters at the Berlin-Grunewald station (1988 to 2012)

GIF-Document (26.8 kB) Image: data provided by SenStadtUm 2013, processing GEO-NET 2014

Tab. 5.1: Characteristics of the Berlin-Tegel climate station

GIF-Document (13.8 kB)

Tab. 5.2: Monthly mean values of climate parameters at the Berlin-Tegel station for the long-term period 1981-2010

GIF-Document (26.9 kB) Image: statistical base DWD, processing GEO-NET 2014

Tab. 6.1: Characteristics of the Berlin-Tempelhof climate station

GIF-Document (12.1 kB)

Tab. 6.2: Monthly mean values of climate parameters at the Berlin-Tempelhof station in the long-term period 1981 to 2010

GIF-Document (31.8 kB) Image: statistical base DWD, processing GEO-NET 2014

Tab. 7.1: Characteristics of the Potsdam climate station

GIF-Document (11.6 kB)

Tab. 7.2: Monthly mean values of climate parameters at the Potsdam station for the long-term period 1981 to 2010

GIF-Document (31.8 kB) Image: statistical base DWD, processing GEO-NET 2014

Tab. 8.1: Projection of the number of future summer days at three Berlin climate stations (periods 2011-2040, 2041-2070, 2071-2100); WETTREG simulation, scenario A1B

GIF-Document (6.3 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014

Tab. 8.2: Projection of the number of future hot days at three Berlin climate stations (periods 2011-2040, 2041-2070, 2071-2100); WETTREG simulation, scenario A1B

GIF-Document (6.1 kB) Image: GEO-NET 2014

Temperature measurement data for station Alexanderplatz

XLS-Document (14.6 MB)

Temperature measurement data for station Berlin-Dahlem

XLSX-Document

Temperature measurement data for station Berlin-Grunewald

XLS-Document (12.7 MB)

Temperature measurement data for station Berlin-Tegel

XLSX-Document

Temperature measurement data for station Berlin-Tempelhof

XLSX-Document

Temperature measurement data for station Potsdam

XLSX-Document

Wind measurement data for station Berlin-Dahlem

XLSX-Document (4.1 MB)

Wind measurement data for station Berlin-Grunewald

XLSX-Document (6.3 MB)

Wind measurement data for station Berlin-Tegel

XLSX-Document (3.6 MB)

Wind measurement data for station Berlin-Tempelhof

XLSX-Document (3.7 MB)

Measurement data for all stations (with reference to the summer and winter characteristic quantities)

XLSX-Document (454.9 kB)

Monthly mean values for all stations

XLSX-Document (88.8 kB)

Combined archiv of Berlin climate stations and Potsdam, total

ZIP-Document

Heat waves data of WETTREG simulation

ZIP-Document

Meteorological threshold days data of WETTREG simulation

ZIP-Document

Photos

Photo 2.1: Location of the Berlin-Alexanderplatz station (see arrow mark)

JPG-Document (209.1 kB) Image: SenStadtUm 2014

Photo 2.2: View of the Berlin-Alexanderplatz station

JPG-Document (155.5 kB) Image: Andreas Machate

Photo 3.1: Location of the Berlin-Dahlem station (see arrow mark)

JPG-Document (195.4 kB) Image: SenStadtUm 2014

Photo 3.2: Site of the Dahlem climate station on the grounds of the Royal Gardening Academy (Königliche Gärtnerlehranstalt) at Königin-Luise-Str. 22 (period from April 1, 1908 to 1962)

JPG-Document (186.8 kB) Image: Archive Institute of Meteorology (FU Berlin)

Photo 3.3: Site of the Dahlem climate station on the grounds of the first site of the Institute of Meteorology of the FU Berlin at Kibitzweg 20 (period from December 1 (uncertain) 1949 to October 2, 1951)

JPG-Document (88.7 kB) Image: Archive Institute of Meteorology (FU Berlin)

Photo 3.4: Site of the Dahlem climate station on the grounds of the second site of the Institute of Meteorology of the FU Berlin at Podbielskiallee 62 (period from October 3, 1951 to July 11, 1997)

JPG-Document (169.4 kB) Image: Archive Institute of Meteorology (FU Berlin)

Photo 3.5: Current site of the Dahlem climate station on the grounds of the Berlin Botanical Garden at Königin-Luise-Str. 6-8 (period since July 12, 1997)

JPG-Document (126.7 kB) Image: Georg Myrcik

Photo 4.1: Location of the Berlin-Grunewald station (see arrow mark)

JPG-Document (225.1 kB) Image: SenStadtUm 2014

Photo 4.2: View of the BLUME station MC 032 Forst Grunewald Jagen 91

JPG-Document (189.3 kB)

Photo 5.1: Location of the Berlin-Tegel aviation weather station (see arrow mark)

JPG-Document (132.5 kB) Image: SenStadtUm 2014

Photo 6.2: View of the Berlin-Tempelhof station

JPG-Document (111.6 kB) Image: Andreas Machate

Photo 7.1: Location of the Potsdam-Telegrafenberg station (see arrow mark)

JPG-Document (95.5 kB) Image: OpenStreetMap contributors