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Climate Model Berlin - Analysis Maps 2014

Figures / Tables

Figures

Fig. 1: Grid widths of the three modelling versions of the climate model Berlin between 2002-2003 (200 m edge length) and 2013-2015 (10 m)

JPG-Document (92.8 kB)

Fig. 2: Expansion of the investigation area (1,800 km²) and classification of the land use for model application. A key with 10 usage classes is used, which is adjusted to the requirements of the model FITNAH 3D

JPG-Document (510.7 kB)

Fig. 3: Section of the automated land register map (specification of building floors in Roman numerals)

GIF-Document (11.4 kB) Image: SenStadtUm 2015b

Fig. 4: Geo-data basis for the application of the climate model FITNAH 3D

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Fig. 5: Database and data flow for the application of the climate model FITNAH 3D

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Fig. 5: Database and data flow for the application of the climate model FITNAH 3D

PDF-Document (429.8 kB)

Fig. 6: Course of temperature and vertical profile of the wind speed at noon time for various land uses

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Fig. 7: Example for depicting a natural landscape in the model area character

GIF-Document (43.3 kB) Image: from: Richter & Röckle n.d.

Fig. 8: Verification of the results of the climate model FITNAH 3D, application 2009 and 2015 (always right part of the figure) with the help of stationary and mobile measurements in the area of triangular junction. In the figure on the left, the lines originating from the measurement points point to the direction, from which the wind comes; in the figure on the right, the wind arrows show the direction of flow

JPG-Document (469.7 kB) Image: figure on the left, from Vogt 2002a and Vogt 2002b

Fig. 8: Verification of the results of the climate model FITNAH 3D, application 2009 and 2015 (always right part of the figure) with the help of stationary and mobile measurements in the area of triangular junction. In the figure on the left, the lines originating from the measurement points point to the direction, from which the wind comes; in the figure on the right, the wind arrows show the direction of flow

PDF-Document (680.9 kB) Image: figure on the left, from Vogt 2002a and Vogt 2002b

Fig. 9: Schematic diagram of cold air volume flow

JPG-Document (21.6 kB) Image: Source: GEO-NET 2013

Fig. 10: Diurnal cycle of air temperature Ta, mean radiation temperature Tmrt (from radiation measurements: Tmrt,meas.; calculated via RayMan: Tmrt,calc.) and ground surface temperature Ts (from radiation measurements: Ts,meas.; calculated via RayMan: Ts, calc.) on a pleasant summer day over treetops (degree of crown cover: 0.88) on a green area in the northern city centre of Freiburg; reference height for Ta and Tmrt: 1.1 m height above ground

GIF-Document (63.0 kB) Image: Matzarakis, A., Rutz, F., Mayer, H., 2000

Fig. 11: Complete urban distribution of the spatial units of the climate model on the basis of area types of the Urban and Environmental Information System (ISU)

JPG-Document (102.3 kB) Image: SenStadt 2010

Fig. 12: Expansion and usage structure in the transition area of Forst Grunewald - City West in Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf

GIF-Document (207.8 kB)

Fig. 13: Cold air volume flow at 04:00 a.m. on a sunny summer day in the transition area of Forst Grunewald - City West in Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf

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Fig. 14: Air temperature at 04:00 a.m. on a sunny summer day in the transition area of Forst Grunewald - City West in Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf

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Fig. 15: Radiation temperature at 14:00 a.m. on a sunny summer day in the transition area of Forst Grunewald - City West in Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf

GIF-Document (288.7 kB)

Fig. 16: Nocturnal cooling rate during the night between 10:00 p.m. and 04:00 a.m. on a sunny summer day in the transition area of Forst Grunewald - City West in Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf

GIF-Document (125.3 kB)

Fig. 17: Behaviour of the evaluation index PET (Physiological Equivalent Temperature) 14:00 a.m. on a sunny summer day in the transition area of Forst Grunewald - City West in Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf

GIF-Document (200.2 kB)

Fig. 18: Number of Summer Days (maximum temperature ≥ 25°C) per block on an average in the years 2001-2010 in the transition area of Forst Grunewald – City West in Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf

GIF-Document (124.7 kB)

Fig. 19: Number of Hot Days (maximum temperature ≥ 30°C) per block on an average in the years 2001-2010 in the transition area of Forst Grunewald – City West in Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf

GIF-Document (124.0 kB)

Fig. 20: Number of Tropical Nights (minimum temperature ≥ 20°C) per block on an average in the years 2001-2010 in the transition area of Forst Grunewald – City West in Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf

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Fig. 21: Statements of the summarised climate analysis map in the transition area of Forst Grunewald - City West in Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf

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Fig. 22: Statements of the main map for planning advice for urban climate in the transition area of Forst Grunewald - City West in Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf

GIF-Document (446.7 kB)

Video

Cold-air out-flow in the transition zone Grunewald forest – settlement area Eichkamp – lake Halensee – visualization of the refrigerant effects of the forest

MP4-Document (9.1 MB)

Tables

Tab. 1: Evaluation of the nightly heat island effect in settlement areas and in road space during the summer sunny weather conditions

GIF-Document (9.4 kB)

Tab. 2: Classification of the grid-based cold air volume flow

GIF-Document (6.8 kB)

Tab. 3: Assignment of threshold values for the evaluation index PET during daytime hours

XLSX-Document (11.8 kB) Document: Matzarakis 1996; VDI 2008