How green is Berlin? Look no further, this section of the Environmental Atlas holds the answer! The term “vegetation” describes the sum of all plants in any one place. A distinction is made between planted and spontaneous vegetation. Planted vegetation includes parks and tree-lined roads, but also ornamental or kitchen gardens in built-up areas. Spontaneous vegetation involves anything that has not been planted – such as a birch tree on an abandoned railroad.
Whether planted or not – we need plants to survive. Not only do they produce oxygen, they also filter our air of particulates and gases. They also serve as a habitat for animals, which we again rely on for a functioning ecosystem.
Reasons enough to keep an eye on the quantity and quality of urban vegetation in Berlin. In the western parts of Berlin, vegetation has been recorded on maps since 1960; in East Berlin, systematic mapping only started in 1989 (the year the Wall came down). The Vegetation Map, last updated in 2000, illustrates the situation for the city as a whole. This excludes however, planted roofs, roof terraces, and walls. Check this out: the Hemerobiotic Degree Map reveals to what extent humans have influenced Berlin’s vegetation and how much wild growth still exists.