Flora and Fauna
Berlin seems to be on the same track as most other German cities: since the mid-20th century, intensified agriculture, progressive industrialisation and increased urbanisation have led to a sharp decline in the diversity of indigenous animal and plant species. About half of the plant and animal species that previously lived in the wild in the urban area are either already extinct or highly endangered.
This process may be halted by preserving remaining habitats and developing new quality habitats. The map “Valuable Areas for Flora and Fauna” illustrates where these habitats, or biotopes, are located in the city and how they are classified in terms of their value.
At first glance, it appears that there are only few and very small biotopes within the area enclosed by the City Rail Circle Line that have been classified as valuable or especially valuable. Apart from the urban fallow areas, most of these are landscaped areas, parks or cemeteries. Slightly larger areas near the city centre, which are considered valuable for plants and animals, include the Großer Tiergarten as well as the premises of Tegel Airport and the former Tempelhof Airport. Larger biotopes can be found on the outskirts of Berlin: in Spandau and Köpenick, for example, forests form valuable habitats for plants and animals.