Traffic-related Air Pollution - Benzol, Nitrogen Oxide and Diesel Particulates 1993
Abbildungen / Tabellen
Fig. 1: Distribution of Pollutants in a Street Lined with Buildings, with a Monitoring Area Defined according to the 23rd Regulation of the Federal Pollution Control Law. The Chart also Uses a Formula for Calculation Using the Immis-Luft (x) Model for Streets Lined with Buildings.
Fig. 2: Methodology of the 1993 Traffic Emission Cadastre
Fig. 3: EMISS - Emmission Model for Primary Roads (Line Sources)
Fig. 4: EM-NEBEN - Emission Model for Secondary Road Network (Area Sources)
Tab. 1: Total Travelled Distances in Millions of Vehicle km/a; Fuel Consumption in Tons, t; and Exhaust and Abrasion Emissions in Tons per Year, t/a. These Figures are Presented according to Vehicle Types in the Urban Area of Berlin in 1993. Excluded are Motorized Two-wheel Vehicles and Evaporative Emissions
Tab. 2: Average Contribution of Motor Traffic to Pollution Load in Streets Lined with Buildings; and Contribution of Vehicle Types to Motor Traffic Emissions in Berlin in 1993 (Allowances are made for rounding-off figures. Two-wheel motorized vehicles are included. EC means elementary carbon from exhaust emissions and tire abrasion. Arrows pointing up and down indicate the projected trend.)
Tab. 3: Concentration Values and Effective Dates of the 23rd Regulation of the Federal Pollution Control Law. Traffic Measures are to be Considered when Values are Exceeded.
Tab. 4: Annual Parameters of Road Monitoring in the Random Sampling Monitoring Program, 1993/94 and 1996
Tab. 5: Calculated Concentrations of the Berlin Primary Road Network Compared to the Reference Values of the 23rd Regulation of Federal Pollution Control Law. The Total Length of Primary Roads is 1,145 km; there are a total of 2,967 Road Segments.