Nature + Green  

 

The History of Berlin's Urban Green Space

Development of Urban Green Space in United Berlin since 1990

2000 to 2010


With the compilation of the Urban Development Concept 2020 in the year 2000 new priorities in urban green space development were set. The rising importance of climate change, the drop of building activity compared to the 1990´s and the reduction of funds for the development of public urban green spaces are distinguishing for that period. Future strategies focus more on the conservation, maintenance and interconnection of existing parks and green spaces than on the development of new ones.

During the past years on the basis of the landscape program and the General Urban Mitigation plan new parks and green spaces were developed as compensation for interference in nature due to construction. Parks like Nordbahnhof and Landschaftspark Rudow- Altglienecke (Rudow- Altglienecke Landscape Park) were developed within this program. The park at Nordbahnhof was inaccessible after the division of Berlin into eastern and a western parts but was recreated as a compensation measure and includes landmarked remains of the Berlin Wall and former railway tracks. The Landschaftspark Rudow- Altglienecke (about 64 hectare) was developed as a compensation for the construction of the motorway to Schönefeld and connects the districts Rudow and Treptow which were separated by the Berlin Wall. Since the motorway descends underground, the park is separated from traffic.

The park at Gleisdreieck has been under development since 2008 as a compensation for Potsdamer Platz. Although parts of the area were used as logistic zones for the construction of Potsdamer Platz, some remains of former railway lines and ruderal vegetation were maintained and integrated in the design of the park. The park at Gleisdreieck will connect green spaces to the north and south and with the participation of citizens, will be fully realized in 2013. The Tilla- Derieux- Park near Potsdamer Platz forms a connection between Gleisdreieck and Tiergarten and includes a lawn sculpture, which is 450 meters long and up to 4 meters wide. The park was opened in 2003.

On the basis of the General Urban Mitigation plan further projects such as green spaces on rivers and canals were completed. An example of this is the Pankegrünzug (green corridor at Panke) as a compensation for the Federal Information Service Building at the neighbouring plot. The river Panke is an important part of the north- south- green on an axis and plays a significant role in the interconnection of Berlin’s urban green spaces and development of bank side green spaces. Parts of the northern Pankegrünzug were completed in 2005 and afford the access to the water and is an important potential for urban green spaces. The completion was carried out after a competition for landscape design in 2007 and will prospectively be finished in 2015. Also the renaturation of the rivulet Wuhle is a significant step towards the accessibility of the bank side areas and contributes to the biodiversity of Berlin’s flora and fauna.

The Mauerpark (Berlin Wall Park) is going to be extended about 10 hectare after its completion. The concept for this enhancement is being developed along with citizens and will presumably be realized in 2012.

The interconnection of Berlin’s green spaces and nearby recreational areas is furthermore one of the most important key aspects at the Open Space and Urban Green Space Commission. The project “20 grüne Hauptwege” (20 green main routes) describes strategies for the interconnection of green routes through Berlin’s parks and living environments. One of the 20 green main routes with a total of 600 km length is the Mauerweg , 160 km of which follows the former path of the Berlin Wall.

Due to shrinking construction activity and resulting areas of fallow land, intermediate green use areas became more popular during the past few years. Citizens develop sustainable concepts for the design and utilization of fallow land in their neighbourhoods and take care of urban green projects voluntary. One of those projects for example is an intercultural garden in Köpenick which was opened in 2003.

The abandonment of railway tracks at Heidestraße and the closure of the Tempelhof and Tegel airports generate unique open spaces in the city centre available to the population. The Tempelhofer Feld is the largest open space in the city. The air traffic was discontinued in 2008 and was opened in May 2010. The Tempelhof Park is being developed in cooperation with citizens and other stakeholders. The competition of landscape design for the development of the Tempelhof Park has been decided and an International Horticulture Exhibition will be carried out in 2017. Therefore first building measures taking place in 2013.

In the early 90’s the building of the Regierungsviertel (Government District) began and was completed in 2007. Within this project, important green spaces at the river Spree such as Spreebogenpark and the park at Moabiter Werder were created.

During the last few decades, the bank side areas of the Spree, Landwehrkanal and Teltowkanal gained importance as recreation areas near the city centre. In Friedrichshain- Kreuzberg several parks, green spaces and so called “green windows” at the river bank sides have been developed. The bank side of the Spree is accessible for pedestrians and bicycles nearly continuously from Spandau to Köpenick and there are plenty of beach bars and worthwhile locations along the riverside.

Currently the Strategy Berlin Cityscape is being developed and includes the topics Urban Nature, City Beautification and Urban Agriculture. The strategy describes the development of urban green spaces relative to changes and trends in society and how they can contribute to the quality of urban life and the preservation of diverse urban landscapes.


Park Nordbahnhof
Park Nordbahnhof

Rudow- Altglienecke Landscape Park
Rudow- Altglienecke Landscape Park

Park at Gleisdreieck
Park at Gleisdreieck

Renaturation of the rivulet Wuhle
Renaturation of the rivulet Wuhle

Berliner Mauerweg
Berliner Mauerweg

Tempelhof Park
Tempelhof Park - the former Airport Tempelhof

Park at Moabiter Werder
Park at Moabiter Werder

Bank side of the Spree
Bank side of the Spree (Rummelsburger Bucht)