Tourists visit the Wall Memorial on Bernauer Strasse in Berlin.
At Glienicke Bridge between Berlin and Potsdam, CDU Federal President and Defence Minister Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer will give a speech on the anniversary of the construction of the Wall. In Brandenburg, Prime Minister Dietmar Woidke (SPD) and Landtag President Britta Stark will speak at a joint commemoration of the government and parliament in Schönwalde-Glien.
On 13 August 1961, the SED leadership under Walter Ulbricht had begun building the Wall. The 155 kilometre long bulwark cut Berlin apart for more than 28 years. The division did not end until the fall of the Wall on 9 November 1989.
On the occasion of the anniversary, SPD politician Müller declared that the construction of the Wall marked a deep cut. In spite of the memory of jubilation and joy at the fall of the borders 30 years ago, the dead and victims should not be forgotten. "Both memories belong together. Today, democracy and the rule of law must be defended.
According to scientific findings, at least 140 people died in Berlin after the Wall was built under the GDR border regime. Criticism was levelled at a study which found that at least 327 people lost their lives on the approximately 1400 kilometre long German-German border. Parts of the completed research project were to be reviewed. According to new findings of the SED research association, at least 18 GDR citizens were killed in escape attempts on the borders of the former Eastern Bloc states in 1989 in the months before the fall of the Berlin Wall.