Work on the largest apartment-construction project in the history of the GDR begins in the spring in Marzahn, an area in East Berlin. By 1990, 62,000 apartments will have been built in pre-fabricated high-rises.
On April 23, the Palace of the Republic (Palast der Republik) is opened on the grounds of the former City Palace in East Berlin’s Mitte borough. Starting in 1990, the building remains empty for years until the work of demolishing it begins in 2006. It is making way for the construction of a building that will be a replica of the City Palace torn down in 1950.
The State Library (Staatsbibliothek), designed by Hans Scharoun, opens on December 15 near the Kulturforum in West Berlin.
With the new Marzahn development at its center, the borough of Marzahn is established in January as the first of three new boroughs in East Berlin, followed by Hohenschönhausen (1985) and Hellersdorf (1986).
On April 2, the International Congress Center (ICC) opens at the trade fair grounds in West Berlin.
Construction begins in Hellersdorf, an area in East Berlin, on another new housing estate for 90,000 residents.
The new transit highway to Hamburg is officially opened on November 20.
West Berlin’s public transportation company BVG takes over the operation of the S-Bahn suburban railway in West Berlin from the GDR’s Reichsbahn on January 9.
On February 8, the GDR’s party and government head lays the foundation stone for the new development area in East Berlin’s Hohenschönhausen. By 1990, 30,000 apartments housing 100,000 people will have been built here.
The reconstructed Schauspielhaus theater, originally designed by Karl Friedrich Schinkel and badly damaged during the war, reopens on October 1 at Platz der Akademie in East Berlin’s Mitte borough (now known as Konzerthaus Berlin am Gendarmenmarkt).
The 18th Bundesgartenschau horticultural exhibition takes place from April to October in the West Berlin borough of Neukölln at what is today the BUGA Park in Britz.
The Marx-Engels Forum is officially opened on April 4 in the heart of East Berlin.
A bomb explodes at the West Berlin disco “La Belle” on April 5, killing two people and injuring 193 others.