Adolf Hitler’s rise to power leads to the National Socialist takeover and the end of democracy in Germany and Berlin.
On March 14, the Prussian minister of the interior and prime minister Hermann Göring (NSDAP) designates a “state commissioner for the capital city” to assist Heinrich Sahm, the elected lord mayor; the commissioner takes over as the real authority in Berlin.
On March 20, all Communist members of parliament are removed; in July, the same thing happens to the Social Democrats.
On March 21, the first concentration camp in the Berlin area is opened just outside the city in Sachsenhausen near Oranienburg for regime opponents who have been arrested.
The first organized boycotts of Jewish businesses, doctors, and lawyers take place on April 1. On May 10 the National Socialists stage a book-burning on the square (now called Bebelplatz) outside the Alte Bibliothek, or Old Library, as part of a campaign against a so-called “un-German spirit.” A memorial at the site now recalls the events of that day.
All of the city’s elected bodies are disbanded, and the city administration is “forced into line”: around 1,300 civil servants, one out of three salaried employees, and one out of ten wage earners are fired. In December 1935, Heinrich Sahm, now lord mayor in name only, resigns.
On March 22, Berlin starts the world’s first television broadcasting service.