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The planning basis

Scheme of the Berlin open space system
Scheme of the Berlin open space system
Image: SenUVK

The basis of the 20 main green routes is the open space system of the landscape programme including the species protection programme for Berlin.

One of the aims of the Landscape Programme for Berlin is to use a network of 20 main green routes, whose network nodes consist of parks and local recreation areas, to connect residential areas – away from busy roads – with attractive recreational facilities and at the same time offer an attractive, safe, environmentally friendly, health-promoting and “green alternative” to car traffic.

Directly around the densely built-up inner city of Berlin lies a ring of public parks, allotment gardens and cemeteries, the so-called Inner Parkring. It was created and secured – thanks to a forward-looking urban development plan in the 1920s – as a contribution to healthy living and working conditions for all Berliners. New parks such as the Mauerpark and the Natur-Park Schöneberger Südgelände complement the historic ones.

A second ring is being built on the edge of the state of Berlin, the “Äußere Parkring”. It connects the large housing estates of the 1970s and 1980s and the new development areas with many interspersed small and large parks and the four large local recreation areas at Tegeler See, Wannsee, Müggelsee and the Berlin Barnim.

Along rivers, streams and canals, railway lines and traffic-calmed side roads, the “Green Crossroads” stretches from state border to state border. It is the supporting framework for the 20 main green routes and at the same time almost the most difficult to implement in reality. For it leads quasi through the private backyards of all areas of life and work in Berlin, and thus on the other hand enables very special, historically complex, varied perspectives on the colourful mosaics of the metropolis.

“From the front door in the countryside into the greenery”, you can reach the city via side streets, which together with locally significant paths, regionally significant paths and the 20 main green routes form a dense network.