Measures against the corona virus
- General rules of conduct and hygiene
- Assemblies and religious events
- Public and private events
- Employment and home office
- Cultural institutions
- Restaurants, bars, and hotels
- Sport and leisure
- Schools, daycare centers, and higher education institutions
- Quarantine, testing and reporting obligations for those entering the state of Berlin
- Visiting arrangements in hospitals and nursing homes
- Hospitals, clinics, and nursing homes
General rules of conduct and hygiene
Currently, all residents of Berlin must follow general rules of conduct and hygiene. Everyone is urgently required to reduce physical social contact with people from outside the home to the absolute minimum. People should only leave their home for important reasons – for example, to go shopping, to do sports or to work. All Berliners are also urgently advised to avoid travel.
If possible and reasonable to do so, a minimum distance of 1.5 meters is to be maintained from all persons who do not belong to your own household. This is especially important for people with typical Covid-19 symptoms. Exceptions are made for spouses and life partners as well as persons for whom you have custody or access rights. Deviating from the minimum distance is permissible if a general hygiene policy of the relevant Senate Department allows it as an exception and other measures are in place to protect against infection.
Contact restrictions must be observed in public spaces. You can only be in these places alone or with members of your own household and with persons from a maximum of four other households. However, in public spaces outdoors no more than ten people may be present at the same time. Indoor gatherings are allowed with members of your own household and with persons from a maximum of two other households. Children up to 14 years of age as well as persons who have been fully vaccinated or who have recovered from a Covid 19 infection are not included.
All Berliners are strongly advised to have a PoC antigen test before meeting people from outside their household. Several test centers (link to: https://www.berlin.de/corona/testzentren/#schnelltests) throughout Berlin offer free tests.- Special rules apply to people who have been fully vaccinated against coronavirus or who have recovered after a Covid 19 infection. These apply to the following groups:
- Fully vaccinated persons for whom the final vaccination against the coronavirus took place at least 14 days previously. The corresponding vaccination certificate must be submitted in digital or paper form.
- Persons who have recovered from a Covid 19 infection that occurred at least 28 days and not more than six months previously. In this case, a positive PCR test taken within this time period shall serve as proof.
- Persons who contracted Covid-19 more than six months previously and have had at least one vaccination. In this case, both a positive PCR test and proof of vaccination in digital or paper form serve as evidence.
- There is no limit to the number of participants at private gatherings attended exclusively by recovered and vaccinated persons
- At private gatherings these persons are not counted when determining the number of persons present
- Vaccinated and recovered persons may, upon presentation of appropriate proof, take advantage of all offers that are conditional upon the presentation of a negative Corona test
- The obligation to go into quarantine after entering the country from a risk area or after direct contact with a confirmed Corona case does not apply. However, this does not apply to persons entering the country from virus variant areas or after contact with a person who tested positive for a virus variant with characteristics of concern (variant of concern) that has not yet spread in Germany.
In addition, the Berlin Senate strongly recommends that you wear a medical face mask. This recommendation applies in public places and especially when you are coming into contact with persons who are at particular risk.
Persons aged 15 and over have to wear a FFP2 mask without a ventilation valve or an equivalent mask in the following places:
- When shopping – for example customers in supermarkets, pharmacies or drugstores
- In public transport – for passengers
- At railway stations
- At airports
- In taxis (drivers do not have to wear a mask.)
- In commercial businesses – for customers
- In medical practices – for patients and visitors
- In hospitals and nursing homes – for visitors and patients when receiving visitors
- In cultural institutions – for visitors
- In libraries and archives for visitors
Children and adolescents between 6 and 14 years of age have to wear a medical face in these places.
You have to wear a medical face mask (surgical mask, FFP2 or KN95 mask without a ventilation valve) in the following places:
- In local public transport – for staff
- At railway stations – for staff
- At airports – for staff
- On private journeys for persons from another household. (car drivers do not have to wear a mask.)
- In commercial enterprises – for staff
- In medical practices – for staff
- In school buildings
- In vocational training
- In office and administrative buildings. This obligation does not apply to employees when they are in their normal place of work.
- Where food is served, including in outdoor areas for employees and for guests who are not at their arranged seat.
- At outdoor cultural events for participants who are not in their seats
- At meetings in enclosed spaces
- In covered sports facilities (the mask can be removed during sports).
- At religious services and events
- At markets and in queues
- In busy streets – such as Bergmannstrasse, and Kurfürstendamm – as well as in certain busy public squares – such as Alexanderplatz. To the overview of all areas where masks are mandatory (link to the attachment). This obligation to wear masks applies from 6 a.m. to midnight, cyclists are exempt.
- At demonstrations
The mask must be worn in such a way that the mouth and nose are completely covered preventing the emission of aerosols and droplets. In addition, in the case of normal masks the type of material used must be able to prevent the spread of droplets and aerosols. Anyone who does not comply with the obligation to cover their mouth and nose risks a fine.
Anyone who tests positive for coronavirus must immediately go into isolation at home and avoid all contact with persons outside the household. This does not apply to persons whose positive test result is from a self-test which was not carried out under supervision.
If the positive test result is from a PoC test (rapid test or self-test), further testing by PCR test is required. The quarantine obligation applies until a negative PCR test result is available – also in this case, persons with positive self-tests that were conducted without supervision are excluded. In the case of a positive PCR test, quarantine at home must be maintained for at least 14 days in consultation with the health department responsible. A negative Corona test is required to end the quarantine.
Assemblies and religious events
Public assemblies may take place outdoors and in enclosed spaces without limitation of the number of participants, provided that the applicable hygiene and social distancing rules are obeyed. Singing together in enclosed spaces is only permitted if the hygiene and infection protection standards laid down in the framework hygiene plan of the responsible Senate Department of Culture and Europe are observed. In addition, participants must maintain a distance of at least 1.5 meters from persons from other households and wear a mask (a medical mask must be worn in enclosed spaces). In the case of assemblies in enclosed spaces with more than five people, all participants must present a negative Corona test or proof of vaccination or of recovery from a Covid 19 infection. The person in charge of the assembly must make sure that the assembly does not have more people in attendance than what is permitted according to the usable area of the place of assembly. Furthermore, organizers must draw up a hygiene plan that ensures compliance with the social distancing and hygiene rules.
Worship services and religious or similar events held outdoors and in enclosed spaces are permitted with an unlimited number of people. It is required that the minimum distances between all participants are maintained and the general hygiene guidelines are observed. All participants must wear a medical face mask. In addition, religious or similar events with more than ten participants must be registered if the religious community has not established a hygiene concept that meets the requirements of the cultural administration. This registration must take place two days in advance at the respective public order authority.
Public and private events
Events that belong to the culture, entertainment or leisure sector – such as concerts, operas, theater performances and dance events – are permitted subject to strict hygiene requirements.
Public events in enclosed spaces may be held with up to 100 persons. The permissible number of persons is increased to a maximum of 500 if all the requirements of the hygiene concept of the senate administration are met. If more than ten people meet at indoor events, all participants must be able to show proof of a current negative Corona test, a complete vaccination (both doses) or a previous Covid 19 infection. All visitors must be assigned a seat at events. If visitors are not in their seats, they must wear a medical face mask.
Outdoor public events may take place with a maximum of 500 persons. If more than 250 people are present, testing is mandatory for all participants.
Private meetings in enclosed spaces are only permitted with members of your own household and with persons from a maximum of two another households, as long as no more than six people are present at the same time. Your own children up to 14 years of age as well as vaccinated and recovered persons are not included. In public spaces, you may only be alone, with members of your own household and with members from a maximum of four other households. However, no more than ten people may be present at the same time. Children up to 14 years of age as well as vaccinated and recovered persons are not included.
The permitted number of people at special celebrations is 50. These include weddings, baptisms, birthdays and funerals..
It remains a requirement for permission for all of these events that the organizers ensure compliance with the current social distancing and hygiene rules
At private and public events, the organizers must create an attendance list in which the names, addresses, and telephone numbers of all participants are recorded. The list must be retained for four weeks and handed over to the competent authority on request if one of the participants was infected at the time of participation. Organizers of permitted public events and organizers of private events are also obliged to draw up a safety and hygiene plan. For private outdoor events, this requirement only applies for more than 20 participants.
With regard to the rules governing events and gatherings of people, there are additional exceptions for the meetings of the German Bundestag and its committees, the Bundesrat and its committees, the House of Representatives and its committees, the federal government, the Berlin Senate, the Constitutional Court of Berlin, and the borough assemblies and their committees, as well as the diplomatic missions, the courts, the bodies and authorities of the federal government and the German states, and other bodies and institutions that perform public-sector tasks.
Employment and home office
- Employers must allow office workers, and employees who do similar work, to work from home or on a mobile basis, unless there are absolutely necessary work-related reasons not to do so. The above-mentioned employees must work from home unless there are compelling reasons not to do so.
- If it is not possible to keep to the minimum distance of 1.5 meters or the guideline amount of 10 square meters of office/workspace per employee cannot be maintained, employees must wear a medical face mask (i.e. a surgical mask, a FFP2 mask without valve, or KN95 masks without valve or comparable masks). Employers must provide the appropriate masks if it is not possible to keep to the minimum distance or if the guideline amount of 10 square meters of office/workspace per employee cannot be maintained.
- Companies are required to offer all employees, who are at least sometimes present at the workplace, free point-of-care (PoC) antigen testing twice a week. These tests may also be self-tests. Employees with physical customer contact are obliged to take these tests. Corresponding evidence and test results must be kept for four weeks. Employers must issue appropriate certificates upon request.
Self-employed persons with physical customer contact are also required to take a PoC test at least twice a week. The city of Berlin’s free test offer can be used for this purpose.
- Exceptions to the above testing requirement exist for employees and for self-employed persons who
- have been fully vaccinated (both doses), with the final vaccination having taken place at least 14 days previously; or
- have recovered from a recent Covid 19 infection, with the Corona infection having occurred at least 28 days and no more than six months previously; or
- have recovered from a Covid 19 illness some time ago, and have also received at least one vaccination against corona virus that took place at least 14 days previously
Cinemas, concert halls, theaters, opera houses and other cultural venues may open to the public. There is an upper limit of 100 people present at any one time in enclosed spaces and 500 people in outdoor areas. Each visitor must be assigned a seat. Visitors must wear a medical face mask when they are not seated. The testing requirement for visitors only applies in enclosed spaces if more than 10 people are present and outdoors if more than 250 people are present at the same time, or if the minimum distance cannot be ensured and no other precautions are taken to protect against droplet infections and aerosols.
Amusement arcades, casinos, betting shops and similar places must remain closed.
Museums, galleries and memorials are allowed to open. Visitors must wear an FFP2 mask without a ventilation valve or an equivalent mask. In addition, extensive distance and hygiene rules apply as well as upper limits on the amount of visitors.
Libraries are permitted to open. Library users must wear an FFP2 or equivalent mask.
Restaurants, bars, and hotels
Restaurants and canteens may open to the public.
Subject to strict hygiene requirements. The consumption of food and beverages is only permitted at the table. In outdoor areas of restaurants, groups of up to ten people from a maximum of five households are allowed to sit together at one table. Indoors, a maximum of six people from a maximum of three households are allowed at one table. This does not include children up to 14 years of age, fully vaccinated persons and recovered persons. In addition, visitors sitting in the inside areas must present a current negative Corona test or proof of vaccination or recovery from a Covid 19 infection.
In the time between midnight and 5 a.m. it is forbidden to serve, dispense and sell alcoholic beverages.
Hotels and proprietors of vacation homes and similar establishments may not offer overnight stays to tourists until the end of June 10, 2021.
As of June 11, tourist overnight stays in hotels, vacation apartments and other types of accommodation are permitted again. The requirement is that the hygiene concept of the Senate Department for Economic Affairs is adhered to.
Retail stores are allowed to open. The opening of these stores is subject to the conditions relating to hygiene, access control and the avoidance of queues. Shopping malls and department stores may also be opened subject to compliance with the hygiene guidelines – however, incentives to prolong the stay must be avoided and, if necessary, areas should be closed off. Visitors must wear an FFP2 mask. In addition, the number of shoppers must be strictly limited. Here, the guideline value of 10 square meters per customer must be adhered to.
Operators of retail establishments are required to draw up a safety and hygiene plan and to submit it to the competent authority on request. In addition, notices indicating the applicable rules must be posted in a clearly visible manner.
Department stores and shopping malls are encouraged to organize testing opportunities for customers using the PoC antigen test.
The serving, dispensing and sale of alcoholic beverages is prohibited between midnight and 5 a.m. in retail outlets of all kinds. This regulation applies until the end of July 1, 2021.
Sport and leisure
Contact-free sports are permitted outdoors for groups of up to 10 people from a maximum of five households, provided the minimum distance is observed.
Outdoor contact sports are allowed only if all participants have a current negative Corona test.
Fitness studios, dance studios and similar facilities are allowed to open subject to strict hygiene regulations. These are laid down in the hygiene concept of the Senate Department for Sport. They include presenting a negative Corona test or proof of vaccination or recovery from a Covid 19 infection and making an appointment in advance.
In enclosed spaces – such as covered sports facilities or gyms, individuals as well as groups of up to ten people may participate in sports if all participants have tested negative for coronavirus.
Children up to 14 years old are allowed to train outdoors without physical contact in fixed groups. In this case, the group may include up to 20 participants plus one supervising person. The supervisor must have proof of a negative Corona test.
Groups of more than 10 people from more than five households are allowed to participate in outdoor sports together if all participants have a negative Corona test.
This restriction on contact during sports and the testing requirements does not apply to federal and State team athletes, athletes in professional leagues and professional athletes provided that they train in compliance with strict hygiene requirements. Fully vaccinated and recovered persons are also exempt from the testing requirement if they can provide alternative proof.
The zoos and gardens may open to the public.
Schools, daycare centers, and higher education institutions
In general, school attendance is compulsory. Currently, the obligation to attend school is suspended.
At the Berlin schools, the number of pupils in a class are reduced by half until June 8, 2021. The smaller classes are taught on an alternating basis. Alternating classes can be taught either on a daily or weekly basis, or by offering at least three hours of teaching per day for all pupils.
As of June 9, the return to regular schooling will take place. However, compulsory school attendance will remain suspended.
Pupils and teachers must wear medical masks at all times. Masks can be removed in the schoolyard. Teachers and pupils must take a Corona test twice a week. Vaccinated and recovered persons are exempt.
The Berlin daycare centers offer limited regular operation. This means that all children receive a care offer of at least 7 hours per day. Care is provided in fixed groups. In addition, each daycare center provides care for at least one group on the basis of the all-day voucher.
Children with cold symptoms will not be accepted in daycare centers. This also applies to children with a mild cold and cough without fever. However, upon presentation of a current negative Corona rapid test, children with cold symptoms may continue to attend daycare centers.
The private, unpaid and non-commercial care of children under 142 years of age within a family or neighborhood circle is permitted, provided that children from a maximum of two households are supervised in fixed groups.
Quarantine, testing and reporting obligations for those entering the state of Berlin
Quarantine, testing and reporting obligations apply to persons who have been in a risk area within the last 10 days prior to their arrival in the state of Berlin. In addition, testing is now mandatory for all persons entering from abroad by air. There are three types of risk area: High incidence areas (areas where the 7-day incidence is greater than 200), virus variant areas (areas where certain SARS-CoV-2 mutations are prevalent), and risk areas (other areas where there is an increased risk of infection). The list of current risk areas is published by the Robert Koch Institute. View the current list of risk areas.
People returning to/entering the country from risk areas are required to register their entry in advance. This notification must be made using the electronic registration and information system at www.einreiseanmeldung.de. The information will be forwarded to the health authority responsible. After successful digital registration, passengers will receive a confirmation which must be presented to the airline/other transporter or the relevant authority upon request.
If digital registration of entry is not possible for technical reasons, the person entering the country must carry a written substitute notification.
- Furthermore, persons entering the country from any risk area are required to be tested for the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus for entry. PoC rapid tests must have been performed no earlier than 48 hours prior to entry. For entries from virus variant areas, the test must not be older than 24 hours. PCR tests are permitted if they were performed no more than 72 hours prior to entry. Anyone entering from a high-risk area (high-incidence area or virus variant area) or anyone arriving by air is obliged take the test before entering the country. The test result must be kept for at least ten days after entry and must be handed over to the relevant authority upon request. Persons who are considered fully vaccinated or recovered may alternatively submit appropriate proof. The testing obligation applies to everyone entering from virus variant areas regardless – also for vaccinated and recovered persons.
- Anyone entering the state of Berlin by air, land or sea after a stay in one of the above-mentioned areas must go directly to their own apartment or house or other suitable accommodation immediately after entry and stay there permanently for a period of ten days after entry. Those entering from virus variant areas are required to go into domestic quarantine for 14 days.
- Symptomless persons who are fully vaccinated or considered recovered after a Covid 19 infection do not need to be quarantined after entry from a risk area or high incidence area, provided they submit appropriate evidence in the entry portal. The same applies to all other people entering from “simple” risk areas who submit a current negative Corona test in the portal.
- Further exemptions from quarantine are defined using a tiered system. As a rule, persons who are exempt from the obligation to report or test also do not have to be quarantined. Furthermore, persons who are allowed to take a test to be “freed from quarantine” due to their occupation or other legal reason are exempt (including medical personnel, persons with a temporary stay in Berlin, for example for visits to relatives, assistance and care of vulnerable and needy persons). This group of persons can take a test to be freed from quarantine immediately before or immediately after entering the Federal Republic of Germany. Persons who are considered fully vaccinated or recovered from a Covid 19 infection are also exempt from the requirement to self-isolate. More stringent regulations apply to persons entering Germany from virus-variant areas: Exemptions from the obligation to go into quarantine can only be granted by the relevant health authority. This also applies to vaccinated and recovered persons.
The period of quarantine can be terminated at the earliest five days after entering the country from a high incidence area. Those entering from virus-variant areas are excluded from this regulation. The requirement for the shortening of quarantine at home is that the person provides a negative test for the corona virus, which was carried out on the fifth day after entry at the earliest. The test result must be written in German, English or French and be available in written or electronic form. The medical test certificate shall be kept for at least 10 days after entry and shall be presented immediately upon request of the authority responsible.
Persons who have been in a virus-variant area within the last ten days before entering Germany may currently not be transported to the Federal Republic by plane, train, bus or ship until April 14, 2021. Exceptions apply to German citizens, persons who have their residence and a right of abode in Germany, as well as for urgently needed transport – such as ambulance transport or transport for humanitarian reasons.
Visiting arrangements in hospitals and nursing homes
In hospitals and clinics, the basic obligation to wear an FFP2 or equivalent mask applies to both visitors and patients when they are not in their room or when they are receiving visitors.
Persons who show typical Covid-19 symptoms according to the current criteria of the Robert Koch Institute are not allowed to visit patients in hospitals or residents of nursing homes.
Patients may be visited once a day by one person for one hour. The same applies to newborn babies and their mothers, whereby siblings under 16 years of age may accompany the visiting person.
Persons under 16 years of age, seriously ill and dying patients may generally be visited without restriction.
There are no restrictions on visiting rights for persons entrusted with pastoral care, notarizing officials and the necessary persons for legally required questionings in hospitals and nursing homes.
More far-reaching restrictions such as a complete ban on visits may apply in individual hospitals or wards. This decision is the responsibility of the respective hospital management and must be approved by the health authority responsible.
- Residents of nursing homes are allowed daily visits by two people. For visitors up to 12 years of age, a further visitor is allowed as an accompanying person. The same applies to visitors who require a permanent accompanying person. During this period, the visits can be arranged with the respective facilities. Visits to care facilities are possible within minimum visiting hours (daily from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m., on at least one day at the weekend and two further weekdays from 9 a.m. to 7 p.m.).
- Nursing facility visitors must wear a FFP2 mask without an exhalation valve at all times. In addition, access is only permitted to persons who can show either a negative POC antigen corona rapid test or a negative PCR test for the coronavirus. The test result must not be older than 24 hours. Vaccinated and recovered persons are not required to provide proof of testing.
The critically ill and dying may be visited without restriction. However, increased protective measures for the protection of other residents as well as visitors and staff must be observed.
Hospitals, clinics, and nursing homes
In hospitals and nursing homes, visitors must wear an FFP2 mask without a valve or an equivalent mask. The same applies to patients and residents if they are not in their rooms or receiving visitors.
Hospitals may carry out plannable admissions, operations, and procedures, provided that a return to crisis mode with increased capacity to treat COVID-19 patients can be implemented on short notice at any time.
Hospitals, clinics, and nursing homes are required to draw up a safety and hygiene plan.
- Hairdressing salons, beauty salons, solariums and all similar businesses are allowed to open under strict conditions.
- Customers must make a prior appointment and wear an FFP2 mask without a valve or an equivalent mask during the visit and present a current negative Corona test. Self-tests are only valid in this case if they are performed on site under the supervision of the service provider. For vaccinated persons, the obligation to present a negative test result is waived from the 154th day after the second vaccination. Persons who can prove that they have recovered from a Covid 19 infection also do not have to present a negative test result. A minimum distance of two meters must be maintained between customers at all times. Service providers are required to wear a medical face mask. In addition, customers must wait outside the premises until it is their turn.
- Body care treatments that are necessary for medical, nursing, psychological or therapeutic reasons may take place also without presenting a negative Corona test. Those treated must also wear an FFP2 mask in this case, if possible.
- The provision and use of paid sexual services with physical contact is prohibited.
- Driving schools and all similar businesses may open to the public subject to special hygiene and protection measures. Pupils must present a current negative Corona test.
Anyone who does not comply with the applicable rules of the ordinance is liable to receive a fine. The following is a selection of the most important fines at a glance:
- Minimum distance of 1.5 meters not maintained: 100 to 500 euros
- No hygiene plan prepared or submitted: 250 to 5000 euros
- Attendance documentation not maintained: 500 to 10,000 euros
- Incorrect or incomplete information given in the attendance documentation: 100 to 1,000 euros
- Mask or medical mask not worn: 50 to 500 euros
- Being in public spaces with persons other than those permitted: 50 to 500 euros
- Hygiene measures described in the hygiene plan not enforced by the person organizing an event: 250 to 5,000 euros
- Hygiene measures not enforced by a proprietor: 100 to 2,500 euros
- Serving, dispensing or sale of alcoholic beverages between 11 p.m. and 6 a.m.: 500 to 1,000 euros
- Quarantine not observed upon entry: 1,00 to 5,000 euros
- Visitors received during quarantine: 500 to 5,000 euros (300 to 1,000 euros for the person visiting)
- Noncompliance with duty to report to health authorities upon entry: 500 to 2,500 euros
- Using sexual services that are prohibited: 250 to 5,000 euros
- Operating a prostitution facility that offers sexual services that are prohibited: 1,000 to 10,000 euros
The amount of the fine will be based on the extent of the danger caused by the violation, the offender’s contrition, whether this is a repeat offense, and the offender’s potential economic gain from the violation. In the case of repeated violations of particular rules, the fine may be as much as 25,000 euros. That applies to violations of the rules for restaurant and sports facilities and the rules prohibiting dance events and discos.
These regulations are based on the Infection Protection Act of the Federal Government and the SARS-CoV-2 Infection Protection Ordinance of the State of Berlin.
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