Founded in the 13th century, Berlin has had an eventful history. Excavations from 2008 suggest that the city may be even older than was previously assumed: state archaeologists have discovered an oak beam that probably dates back to 1183.
Almost no other metropolis has experienced such frequent, radical change transforming the face of the city. Although Berlin saw steady growth in its importance, dazzling epochs alternated with darker eras. Nevertheless, the formerly divided city has succeeded in becoming a vibrant metropolis in the heart of Europe.

The medieval trading center

Link zu: The medieval trading center
Bild: Landesarchiv Berlin

The founding of Cölln and Berlin and membership in the Hanseatic LeagueWeitere Informationen

The electors’ residence

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Bild: Stiftung Preußische Schlösser und Gärten Berlin-Brandenburg

The Hohenzollerns rule Brandenburg and the Reformation reaches BerlinWeitere Informationen

The royal capital

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Bild: Landesarchiv Berlin

Friedrich I is crowned the Prussian king/Berlin becomes a center of the EnlightenmentWeitere Informationen

The imperial capital

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Bild: Landesarchiv Berlin

Berlin is the political heart of the German ReichWeitere Informationen

The cosmopolitan city of the Weimar Republic

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Bild: Landesarchiv Berlin

Between the cultural heyday of the Golden Twenties and the city’s declineWeitere Informationen

Berlin in the National Socialist era

Link zu: Berlin in the National Socialist era
Bild: Landesarchiv Berlin

Hitler’s rise to power, anti-Jewish pogroms, and the years leading up to another World WarWeitere Informationen

Berlin after 1945

Link zu: Berlin after 1945
Bild: Landesarchiv Berlin

A blockade and construction of the Wall follow the city’s division into sectorsWeitere Informationen

The fall of the Wall and reunification

Link zu: The fall of the Wall and reunification
Bild: Landesarchiv Berlin

The people force the government to open the bordersWeitere Informationen

The new Berlin

Link zu: The new Berlin
Bild: Senatsverwaltung für Stadtentwicklung und Umwelt

A construction boom and the move of Germany’s parliament and governmentWeitere Informationen