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Welcome to Berlin Marzahn-Hellersdorf

Marzahn-Hellersdorf in Facts & Figures

Location, Size, Population

Lying on the north-eastern edge of Berlin, bordering the federal state of Brandenburg to the north and the east, and the administrative districts of Berlin Treptow-Köpenick and Berlin Lichtenberg to the south and the west respectively, the five “villages” that constitute Marzahn-Hellersdorf – Biesdorf, Hellersdorf, Kaulsdorf, Marzahn, and Mahlsdorf – cover a total area of 6,185 hectares. The population of the district is approximately ca. 251.000.

Local Politics

The Marzahn-Hellersdorf district assembly is comprised of 55 elected representatives from the following political parties: Partei des Demokratischen Sozialismus (DIE LINKE.PDS) (22 representatives); Christlich Demokratische Union (CDU) (7); Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands (SPD) (15); Frei Demokratische Partei (FDP) (3); Bündnis 90/Die Grünen (3); Nationaldemokratische Partei Deutschlands (3); WSAG (2).

Speaker of the Assembly: Petra Wermke (DIE LINKE.PDS)
District Mayor: Dagmar Pohle (DIE LINKE.PDS)

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History

The formerly separate administrative districts of Marzahn and Hellersdorf were founded on 5 January 1979 and 1 June 1986 respectively. The new administrative district of Marzahn-Hellersdorf, which was created by the amalgamation of the two districts of Marzahn and Hellersdorf on 1 January 2001, does not only incorporate the main residential zone, comprised of some 100,000 apartments in “Plattenbauten” (buildings constructed with precast concrete slabs) that provide homes for two thirds of the population, but also the smaller settlements of Biesdorf, Kaulsdorf, and Mahlsdorf, which collectively constitute two thirds of the surface area of the new district.
The five “villages” that make up Marzahn-Hellersdorf have a history stretching back hundreds of years to the time when Germanic and Slavic tribes moved into the area around the River Wuhle. The earliest documented records of permanent settlements in the area date from the period 1300 to 1375 when German settlers began to clear forested areas close to the Wuhle in order to establish an agriculture-based economy. However, it wasn’t until 1920 that the villages in the area, which previously belonged to the district of Niederbarnim, were incorporated into the administrative area of Greater Berlin. The next major legislative change came on 5 January 1979 when a charter was granted by the municipal council of Berlin for the creation of the self-contained district of Marzahn, which would take over administrative responsibilities from the existing district of Lichtenberg for the settlements of Marzahn, Biesdorf, Hellersdorf, Kaulsdorf, and Mahlsdorf. The consolidation of the settlements of Hellersdorf, Kaulsdorf, and Mahlsdorf to create the new district of Hellersdorf on 1 June 1986 represented the last major administrative change for the area prior to the aforementioned amalgamation of the two districts on 1 January 2001.

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Cultural Amenities & Famous Residents

Gründerzeitmuseum: Housed in an old farm house which was saved from destruction by the proprietor, Charlotte von Mahlsdorf, and now contains her own private collection of Wilhelminian furniture and turn-of-the-century mechanical musical instruments. Following the death of Charlotte von Mahlsdorf last year, the museum is now looked after by the “Förderverein Gutshaus Mahlsdorf e.V.“. Furthermore, the farmhouse and its garden are the setting for a varied and sophisticated programme of cultural events and, like the Bockwindmühle Marzahn, one can also “tie the knot” there.

Erholungspark Marzahn: Opened on 9 May 1987 as the “Berlin Garden Show” as part of the celebrations for the 750th anniversary of Berlin, this 21 hectare park draws visitors all year round to its extensive recreation areas, themed gardens, playgrounds, and, above all, the Chinese Garden, one of the largest in Europe. The so-called “Garten des wiedergewonnen Mondes” (Garden of the Reclaimed Moon) was planted by Chinese horticultural experts and landscaped with original Chinese artefacts. Further to this, the 30 April 2003 witnessed the opening of the Japanese Garden, a walled paradise of ponds, streams, and stone gardens, complemented by typical Japanese plants, including maples, azalea, and magnolias.
Yet another attraction, in the form of the Tsingtao Pavilion, opened close to the existing Teahouse in the Chinese Garden in September 2003. The six-metre high octagonal structure was presented to the city of Berlin and the “Garten des wiedergewonnen Mondes” by the renowned Tsingtao brewery on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the founding of the brewery by German settlers in China. The Pavilion will soon house a restaurant serving Chinese food.
The “Gärten der Welt” (Gardens of the World) theme in the park was developed further in December 2003 with the addition of the Balinese Garden, or the “Garten der drei Harmonien” (Garden of the Three Harmonies). Housed within a greenhouse to protect the tropical plants from the elements, the exotic experience offered by the Balinese Garden has proved to be an extremely popular attraction. Finally, the latest addition to the park’s many assets, the Orientalic Garden, is currently under construction.

Bockwindmühle Marzahn: The Bockwindmühle Marzahn may have become – for children especially – a huge visitor attraction but remains in the first instance very much a working windmill where a real-life miller, Jürgen Wolf, grinds flour not just for the visitors but also for local bakers. On the 12 May 2004 the windmill, which, incidentally, is also available as a location for wedding ceremonies, celebrated its tenth year of operation.

The Reverend Heinrich Grüber, member of the “Bekennende Kirche” (Confessing Church) and head of the “Büro Grüber”, an agency which provided support and assistance with emigration for persecuted Jews during the National Socialist period, preached in the Kaulsdorf Evangelical Church between 1934 and 1935.

Between 1782 and 1785 Franz Carl Achard carried out the first experiments in the field of beet-sugar extraction from his manor in Kaulsdorf.

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Unemployment Statistics, Economic Structure, Infrastructure

Unemployment Rate: 19.7%

Economic Structure: The economic structure in Biesdorf, Kaulsdorf, and Mahlsdorf is primarily characterised by small enterprises and the service sector, whilst in the larger settlement of Hellersdorf retail industries and service industries for the housing projects tend to predominate. In the erstwhile district of Marzahn, 555 ha of land zoned for industrial and commercial use is available, thus constituting 17.6% of the district’s total surface area. 15,853 businesses are currently registered in the district, amongst them NILES Werkzeugmaschinen GmbH, Knorr-Bremse Berlin Zweig – NL, Berlin Cosmetics GmbH, and Harry-Brot GmbH.

Employment Promotion Schemes: Currently, as part of the project entitled “Regionales Netzwerk Siedlungsverbund Biesdorf-Kaulsdorf-Mahlsdorf“ (Regional Network for the Combined Settlements of Biesdorf-Kaulsdorf-Mahlsdorf) numerous local companies use the website of the programme organiser, Bezirkliches Bündnis für Wirtschaft und Arbeit in Marzahn-Hellersdorf (The District Alliance for Economy and Employment in Marzahn-Hellersdorf) to advertise their services. A further project, “Gut Hellersdorf – wirtschaftliche Entwicklung des Standorts“ (Good Hellersdorf – Economic Development of the District), which is aimed at the development of integrated commercial zones within the residential area of Hellersdorf, is currently being established. The main objectives of the project entail the acquisition and decontamination of industrially polluted land, the provision of business advice and coaching to existing local companies, and the establishment of a consultation service for potential investors in the area.
Other projects are set to follow this year. Specific up-to-date information is available from our website: www.marzahn-hellersdorf.de

Infrastructure: The district’s infrastructure has experienced unprecedented growth is the last couple of years. A prime example is the opening of the “Helle-Mitte“ district centre, which comprises both small and large retail outlets, a multiplex cinema, and a number of other amenities. Other notable recent examples include: the “Spree-Centre“; other retail outlets of varying size in the “Rotes Viertel“; the “Corso“, close to the “Rotes Viertel“; and the “Plaza Marzahn“. A further 25,000m² retail development has recently opened in the economic development area of Biesdorf-Süd, close to the U-Bahn station Elsterwerdaer Platz. Finally, the scheduled 2005 opening of the “EASTGATE Berlin“ complex, the largest shopping centre in the eastern area of Berlin, will facilitate the transformation of the area around S-Bahn station Marzahn into a core business zone for the district.

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Specific Local-Regional Issues

A specific demographic dynamic has evolved in Marzahn-Hellersdorf due to a number of factors. Firstly, the population of the district, as a result of the influx of predominantly young families to the new residential areas in Marzahn within the last twenty years and to those in Hellersdorf in the last 10-15 years, grew rapidly in a relatively short space of time. However, within this period itself there has been an emerging trend towards the decline of the population of the large housing projects and a concurrent increase in the population of the smaller settlements within the district where, during the last ten years, at least 15,000 new homes and villas have been constructed.
Secondly, the average age of the population is 38.4 years and a third of the residents are either children or teenagers.
The district has the second-highest number of households with children (34,400) of all of Berlin’s administrative districts and this statistic contributes significantly to the fact that the district has the highest number of people per household in Berlin, with an average of 2.1. Another important statistic is that the district has the second-highest number of single parents (20,000) in Berlin.
Thirdly, the average gross per capita monthly income remains around the same level of previous years at 850 Euro which places Marzahn-Hellersdorf in the lower third of Berlin’s districts where this index is concerned.
Finally, the average living space in the district of 32.4m² is the lowest in Berlin and the average rent is the second lowest of the city’s administrative districts yet, on average, the rent proportion of net household expenditure is only 19%, making it the lowest in the city in this respect.
As a result of the aforementioned specific demographic trends in the district, which point, amongst other things, towards an ageing population, kindergartens and primary schools and becoming increasingly empty and secondary schools are set to follow this trend in the coming years.

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Environmental and Ecological Development of the District

The district is a member of the “Gesundes Städtnetzwerk“ (Association of Healthy Cities) and was recognised as a “sustainable city” in 1996. At the international exposition, EXPO 2000, the district presented its “Hellersdorf-Projekt“ (Hellersdorf Project), a strategy for the sustainable development of an area consisting of prefabricated housing accommodation. Additionally, the district also collected first prize in a government-sponsored competition the previous year for its regeneration concept “Stadtumbau Ost“ (Urban Regeneration in the East). 80% of the prefabricated housing stock has now been completely refurbished and modernised and this work continues at the hands of housing co-operatives such as “Stadt und Land“ (formerly WoGeHe) in the “Rotes Viertel“ and WVB in the Kastanienallee area. Furthermore, the regeneration project, “Ahrensfelder Terrassen“ (Ahrensfelder Terraces), currently taking place in Havemannstraße in Marzahn-Nord has been implemented as a pilot scheme for similar undertakings in other areas of Berlin. Other projects worthy of a mention include the dismantling of high-rise apartments in Marchwitzastraße, and the regeneration projects in Oberweißbacherstraße, the Ringkolonnaden, in Karl-Holz-Platz, in Tangermüderstraße, and in Kastanienallee.
With green and open spaces covering 15% of the district’s total surface area, only Treptow-Köpenick and Reinickendorf are ranked above Marzahn-Hellersdorf as Berlin's greenest districts. One of the largest areas of open space in the district and also one of the largest green belt areas in Berlin is the Wuhletal, which is crossed by a walking path that stretches from the large settlement of Kaulsdorf in the northern part of the district to the smaller southern settlements of Kaulsdorf-Süd and Biesdorf-Süd. Furthermore, the environmental conservation area of the “Kaulsdorfer Seen“ (the Kaulsdorf Lakes) will soon be extended to include the “Berliner Balkon“ and the Barnimhang.

Further information is available from our website www.marzahn-hellersdorf.de and also by telephone on 90293 2003

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Kontakt

Bezirksamt Marzahn-Hellersdorf von Berlin
Alice-Salomon-Platz 3
12627 Berlin

Telefon (030) 90293-0
E-Mail

Postanschrift
12591 Berlin