„Diversity Destroyed. Berlin 1933-1938-1945. A City Remembers“
The companion book to the open-air exhibition of the 2013 Theme Year | Diversity Destroyed.
Price: €14.80 (+ actual shipping fees for orders to destinations abroad)
German/English, softcover, 272 pages, 340 illustrations
Available from 11 July 2013
“Diversity Destroyed” – The 2013 Theme Year
2013 marks the anniversaries of the Nazi regime’s accession to power in 1933 and the pogroms of 1938. Both events are prominent moments in the history of Berlin. As the German capital, Berlin was the site of the Nazis’ accession to power and the brutal establishment of their dictatorship. A Jewish metropolis with approximately 160,000 Jewish citizens, Berlin was greatly affected by the impact of the Nazis’ persecution of the Jewish population. The appointment in January 1933 of Adolf Hitler as Reich Chancellor marked the beginning of the systematic persecution of the Jews, culminating in the pogroms of 1938 and ultimately in the mass deportations of autumn 1941 and the Holocaust.
The 2013 Theme Year will highlight the cultural diversity of cosmopolitan Berlin and commemorate its destruction by the Nazis through numerous events and activities and with the participation of a wide range of institutions in Berlin, including museums, memorial centres, archives, universities, churches, the Jewish community, the State Association of German Sinti and Roma, local history initiatives, and municipal cultural institutions together with enterprises and trades unions.
In January, the German Historical Museum (DHM) will launch the 2013 Theme Year with an exhibition on the Nazis’ seizure of power. In the months preceding 9 November 2013 – when young people from Berlin will take a symbolic stand against the persecution and marginalization of ‘Others’ – numerous events and activities held throughout the city will commemorate the outstanding role of Jewish life in Berlin and the persecution, mass murder, loss and suffering of Jews and other marginalized groups such as the Roma and Sinti, the homosexual and disabled communities, and individuals otherwise held to be ‘alien to the community’.
The 2013 Theme Year will seek to preserve the memory and commemorate the lives of those Berliners who contributed to the city’s diversity: writers, artists, scientists and academics as well as small business owners, workers and immigrants from Eastern Europe, and neighbours from Charlottenburg, Schöneberg, Friedrichshain, Reinickendorf and Spandau. Their everyday lives and their contributions to Berlin – as well as their marginalization and persecution after 1933 – lie at the heart of the 2013 Theme Year.
Berlin is proud of the cultural diversity which it has since regained, and in 2013 we will commemorate the historical diversity that was destroyed by the National Socialist regime in the knowledge that openness, tolerance and pluralism are values which our society must both protect and consciously engage with time and again.
Prof. Dr. Michael Wildt
The Mayor of Berlin's Message about the Theme Year 2013.